Metazoan meiofauna of the deep Arabian Sea: Standing stocks, size spectra and regional variability in relation to monsoon included enhanced sedimentation regimes of particulate organic matter.

Sommer, Stefan and Pfannkuche, Olaf (2000) Metazoan meiofauna of the deep Arabian Sea: Standing stocks, size spectra and regional variability in relation to monsoon included enhanced sedimentation regimes of particulate organic matter. Deep-Sea Research Part II-Topical Studies in Oceanography, 47 (14). pp. 2957-2977. DOI 10.1016/S0967-0645(00)00054-0.

[img] Text
1-s2.0-S0967064500000540-main.pdf - Published Version
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (608Kb) | Contact

Supplementary data:

Abstract

Effects of monsoon-induced enhanced depositional regimes of particulate organic carbon (POC) on regional variability and distribution patterns and size spectra of metazoan meiofauna, particularly of nematodes, were investigated at five sites 3158–4414 m deep in the Arabian Sea. The sampling sites were subjected to different flux rates of POC. Total meiofaunal abundance ranged from 109 to 320 ind./10 cm2. Nematodes were the numerically most abundant taxon, with a relative abundance of 82.5–88.7%, followed by copepods and ostracods. Mean individual nematode biomass ranged from 0.0272 to 0.1033 μgC, and Mean nematode population biomass varied between 0.0026 and 0.0133 mgC/10 cm2. Mean nematode lengths ranged from 614.2 to 832.6 μm. The length distributions of nematodes at the different sites were typically skewed with the distributions extending into the longer size classes. At the sites with higher POC deposition rates, nematodes displayed deeper distributions in the sediment column (47.4–58.5% of nematodes in the top 1 cm layer of the sediment) in contrast to very shallow distributions at a site of low POC flux (75.1% of nematodes in the top 1 cm of the sediment). Regional variability of nematode biomass, size and vertical distribution was related to monsoon-driven gradients of POC- and chlorophyll a (chl. a) flux rates and bacterial biomass i.e. bioavailable organic carbon. This was in contrast to nematode abundance which did not correlate significantly with any of these environmental parameters. The differential pattern between biomass and abundance, distribution might be related to POC-dependent alterations in the species composition of the nematode assemblages at the different sites. The hypothesis of increased meiobenthic stocks due to monsoon-induced enhanced sedimentation could not be confirmed compared to data from other less productive oceanic regions. Nematode abundance and biomass in the Arabian Sea were similar to values obtained from the abyssal temperate NE-Atlantic.

Document Type: Article
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR
OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB2 Marine Biogeochemistry > FB2-MG Marine Geosystems
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1016/S0967-0645(00)00054-0
ISSN: 0967-0645
Expeditions/Models/Experiments:
Date Deposited: 18 Feb 2008 17:24
Last Modified: 11 Oct 2016 10:26
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/4249

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Document Downloads

More statistics for this item...