Dynamical Characterization of a Low Oxygen Submesoscale Coherent Vortex in the Eastern North Atlantic Ocean.

Pietri, Alice and Karstensen, Johannes (2018) Dynamical Characterization of a Low Oxygen Submesoscale Coherent Vortex in the Eastern North Atlantic Ocean. Open Access Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 123 (3). pp. 2049-2065. DOI 10.1002/2017JC013177.

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Abstract

A submesoscale coherent vortex (SCV) with a low oxygen core is characterized from underwater glider and mooring observations from the eastern tropical North Atlantic, north of the Cape Verde Islands. The eddy crossed the mooring with its center and a 1 month time series of the SCV's hydrographic and upper 100 m currents structure was obtained. About 45 days after, and ∼100 km west, the SCV frontal zone was surveyed in high temporal and spatial resolution using an underwater glider. Satellite altimetry showed the SCV was formed about 7 months before at the Mauritanian coast. The SCV was located at 80-100 m depth, its diameter was ∼100 km and its maximum swirl velocity ∼0.4 m s-1. A Burger number of 0.2 and a vortex Rossby number 0.15 indicate a flat lens in geostrophic balance. Mooring and glider data show in general comparable dynamical and thermohaline structures, the glider in high spatial resolution, the mooring in high temporal resolution. Surface maps of chlorophyll concentration suggest high productivity inside and around the SCV. The low potential vorticity (PV) core of the SCV is surrounded by filamentary structures, sloping down at different angles from the mixed layer base and with typical width of 10-20 km and a vertical extent of 50-100 m.

Document Type: Article
Funder compliance: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/FP7/284321 ; info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/H2020/633211
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB1 Ocean Circulation and Climate Dynamics > FB1-PO Physical Oceanography
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1002/2017JC013177
ISSN: 2169-9275
Projects: SFB754, GROOM, CVOO
Date Deposited: 09 Apr 2018 08:43
Last Modified: 01 Feb 2019 15:03
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/42641

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