In Situ Temperature Measurements at the Svalbard Continental Margin: Implications for Gas Hydrate Dynamics.

Riedel, Michael , Wallmann, Klaus , Berndt, Christian , Pape, T., Freudenthal, T., Bergenthal, M., Bünz, S. and Bohrmann, Gerhard (2018) In Situ Temperature Measurements at the Svalbard Continental Margin: Implications for Gas Hydrate Dynamics. Open Access Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 19 (4). pp. 1165-1177. DOI 10.1002/2017GC007288.

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Supplementary data:

Abstract

During expedition MARIA S. MERIAN MSM57/2 to the Svalbard margin offshore Prins Karls Forland, the seafloor drill rig MARUM-MeBo70 was used to assess the landward termination of the gas hydrate system in water depths between 340 and 446 m. The study region shows abundant seafloor gas vents, clustered at a water depth of ~400 m. The sedimentary environment within the upper 100 meters below seafloor (mbsf) is dominated by ice-berg scours and glacial unconformities. Sediments cored included glacial diamictons and sheet-sands interbedded with mud. Seismic data show a bottom simulating reflector terminating ~30 km seaward in ~760 m water depth before it reaches the theoretical limit of the gas hydrate stability zone (GHSZ) at the drilling transect. We present results of the first in situ temperature measurements conducted with MeBo70 down to 28 mbsf. The data yield temperature gradients between ~38°C km-1 at the deepest site (446 m) and ~41°C km-1 at a shallower drill site (390 m). These data constrain combined with in situ pore-fluid data, sediment porosities, and thermal conductivities the dynamic evolution of the GHSZ during the past 70 years for which bottom water temperature records exist. Gas hydrate is not stable in the sediments at sites shallower than 390 m water depth at the time of acquisition (August 2016). Only at the drill site in 446 m water depth, favorable gas hydrate stability conditions are met (maximum vertical extent of ~60 mbsf); however, coring did not encounter any gas hydrates.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Gas hydrates, Svalbard Continental Margin, in situ temperature data
Research affiliation: MARUM
OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB2 Marine Biogeochemistry > FB2-MG Marine Geosystems
OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB4 Dynamics of the Ocean Floor > FB4-GDY Marine Geodynamics
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1002/2017GC007288
ISSN: 1525-2027
Expeditions/Models/Experiments:
Date Deposited: 10 Apr 2018 09:40
Last Modified: 01 Feb 2019 15:10
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/42657

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