Partitioning of the Open Waters of the Gulf of Mexico Based on the Seasonal and Interannual Variability of Chlorophyll Concentration.

Damien, Pierre, Pasqueron de Fommervault, Orens, Sheinbaum, Julio, Jouanno, Julien, Camacho-Ibar, Victor F. and Duteil, Olaf (2018) Partitioning of the Open Waters of the Gulf of Mexico Based on the Seasonal and Interannual Variability of Chlorophyll Concentration. Open Access Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 123 (4). pp. 2592-2614. DOI 10.1002/2017JC013456.

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Abstract

The seasonal and interannual variability of chlorophyll in the Gulf of Mexico open waters is studied using a three‐dimensional coupled physical‐biogeochemical model. A 5 years hindcast driven by realistic open‐boundary conditions, atmospheric forcings, and freshwater discharges from rivers is performed. The use of recent in situ observations allowed an in‐depth evaluation of the model nutrient and chlorophyll seasonal distributions, including the chlorophyll vertical structure. We find that different chlorophyll patterns of temporal variability coexist in the deep basin which thereby cannot be considered as a homogeneous region with respect to chlorophyll dynamics. A partitioning of the Gulf of Mexico open waters based on the winter chlorophyll concentration increase is then proposed. This partition is basically explained by the amount of nutrients injected into the euphotic layer which is highly constrained by the dynamic of the winter mixed layer. The seasonal and interannual variability appears to be affected by the variability of atmospheric fluxes and mesoscale dynamics (Loop Current eddies in particular). Finally, estimates of primary production in the deep basin are provided.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Gulf of Mexico; chlorophyll cycle; mixed layer depth; GoM partitioning; numerical study
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB2 Marine Biogeochemistry > FB2-BM Biogeochemical Modeling
OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB1 Ocean Circulation and Climate Dynamics > FB1-TM Theory and Modeling
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1002/2017JC013456
ISSN: 2169-9275
Date Deposited: 26 Apr 2018 12:53
Last Modified: 06 Feb 2020 09:03
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/42849

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