History of freshwater runoff across the Laptev Sea (Arctic) during the last deglaciation.

Spielhagen, Robert F., Erlenkeuser, Helmut and Siegert, Christine (2005) History of freshwater runoff across the Laptev Sea (Arctic) during the last deglaciation. Global and Planetary Change, 48 (1-3). pp. 187-207. DOI 10.1016/j.gloplacha.2004.12.013.

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Abstract

Sediment core PS2458 from the Laptev Sea continental margin (983-m water depth) stems from a position close to the paleoriver mouth of Lena and Yana rivers. It was dated by AMS-14C and analyzed in high resolution for oxygen isotopes of planktic foraminifers. Except the uppermost 100 cm and possibly the lowermost meter of the 8-m-long core, the sediments were deposited during the last deglaciation (14.5–8.0 cal-ka). According to 210Pb data, the uppermost 100 cm represents only the last 200 years. Planktic foraminifers are present throughout the dated deglacial interval, with the exception of a short time after ca. 13 cal-ka. Taking into account the global “ice volume effect” on the oxygen isotopic composition of the foraminifers, the isotopic record is considered to reflect salinity changes which were influenced by variable freshwater runoff and a growing marine influence during the postglacial transgression of the Laptev Sea shelf. The most conspicuous feature in the isotopic record is an outstanding peak dated to ca. 13 cal-ka. It is proposed that it represents a rapid outburst of large amounts of freshwater, possibly from an ice-dammed lake in the hinterland. Possible correlations to the onset of the cool Younger Dryas event in the northern hemisphere are discussed.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Freshwater runoff; Laptev Sea; Deglaciation
Research affiliation: AWI
OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB1 Ocean Circulation and Climate Dynamics > FB1-P-OZ Paleo-Oceanography
Kiel University
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1016/j.gloplacha.2004.12.013
ISSN: 0921-8181
Projects: Laptev Sea System, Permafrost, QUEEN
Expeditions/Models/Experiments:
Date Deposited: 03 Dec 2008 16:52
Last Modified: 13 Sep 2017 08:59
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/4289

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