Recent mantle degassing recorded by carbonic spring deposits along sinistral strike-slip faults, south-central Australia.

Ring, Uwe, Tonguc Uysal, I., Yuce, Galip, Unal-Imer, Ezgi, Italiano, Francesco, Imer, Ali and Zhao, Jian-xin (2016) Recent mantle degassing recorded by carbonic spring deposits along sinistral strike-slip faults, south-central Australia. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 454 . pp. 304-318. DOI 10.1016/j.epsl.2016.09.017.

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Abstract

The interior of the Australian continent shows evidence for late Quaternary to Recent fault-controlled mantle 3He and CO2 degassing. A series of interconnected NW-striking sinistral faults, the Norwest fault zone (NFZ), in south-central Australia are associated with travertine mounds, the latter show a regular spacing of 50–70 km. U-series ages on 26 samples range from to (2σ errors) and suggest a clustering every ∼3–4 ka since ∼26 ka. Geochemical data demonstrate a remarkable mantle-to-groundwater connection. Isotopic data indicate that the groundwater is circulating to depths >3 km and interacting with Neoproterozoic/Cambrian basement and mantle volatiles. 3He/4He isotope ratios show that the He comes in part from the mantle. This demonstrates that the NFZ cuts through the entire crust and provides pathways for mantle degassing. Scaling relationships suggest that the series of sinistral faults that make up the NFZ are interconnected at depths and have a significant strike length of 60–70 km or more. The NFZ occurs where a major compositional boundary and a significant heat flow anomaly occurs, and a major step in lithospheric thickness has been mapped. We discuss a tectonic model in which recent stress field, heat flow and lithospheric structure in central Australia reactivated a set of steeply dipping Neoproterozoic faults, which may now be growing into a crustal/lithospheric-scale structure.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: neotectonics, lithospheric structure, strike-slip fault, structural geology, geochemistry, Australia
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1016/j.epsl.2016.09.017
ISSN: 0012-821X
Projects: FLOWS
Date Deposited: 04 May 2018 09:53
Last Modified: 17 Jan 2019 13:25
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/42942

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