Amelioration of free copper by hydrothermal vent microbes as a response to high copper concentrations.

Klevenz, Verena, Sander, Sylvia G., Perner, Mirjam and Koschinsky, Andrea (2012) Amelioration of free copper by hydrothermal vent microbes as a response to high copper concentrations. Chemistry and Ecology, 28 (5). pp. 405-420. DOI 10.1080/02757540.2012.666531.

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Abstract

We examined the effect of increased copper concentrations (0-10 mu M) on hydrothermal vent microorganisms and the production of copper (Cu)-binding ligands as a response. Hydrothermal vent microbes originated from diffuse fluids at the Lilliput mussel field and the Irina II site in the Logatchev hydrothermal vent field, both on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. Parallel studies were also conducted with amino acids supplemented to the incubations in order to verify whether dissolved amino acids, present in hydrothermal fluids, can buffer the bioavailable copper and reduce the active production of Cu-binding ligands. In all incubations, ligand concentrations increased with rising copper concentrations, but microbial cell numbers remained constant. This study shows that microbes were able to cope with as much as 10 mu M dissolved copper by buffering the free copper concentration. The presence of amino acids had no significant influence on the active ligand production. Our results imply that mediation of chemical speciation by vent microbes may have an important impact on hydrothermal trace metal fluxes into the ocean.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: metal-binding ligands; exudates; voltammetry
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1080/02757540.2012.666531
ISSN: 0275-7540
Date Deposited: 18 Jul 2018 10:00
Last Modified: 18 Jul 2018 10:00
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/43738

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