Current Systems in the Atlantic Ocean.

Koszalka, Inga Monika and Stramma, Lothar (2019) Current Systems in the Atlantic Ocean. In: Reference Module in Earth Systems and environmental Sciences. ; 3 . Elsevier, Rotterdam, Netherlands, pp. 204-211. ISBN 978-0-12-409548-9 DOI 10.1016/B978-0-12-409548-9.11291-6.

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The Atlantic Ocean has been the most studied and best understood of the World Oceans, for the reason of its importance for the European and American societies. There is a growing evidence that the Atlantic circulation plays a crucial role in the Earth's climate. In this article we summarize our current knowledge of the large scale currents in the Atlantic as well as the variability of the circulation on multiple space and time scales. We also outline outstanding challenges for future oceanographic investigations of the Atlantic current systems.

Document Type: Book chapter
Additional Information: Change History: May 2018. Inga M. Koszalka and Lothar Stramma updated in the text. The section “Basin Structure” was removed; the section “Historical Developments” was renamed to “Historical Perspective.” The old sections were modified and new subsections “Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation” and “Variability of the Atlantic Current systems” were added. Figures 1 and 2 were removed and some figures 3 and 5 were put together as Figure 1; also added a panel B to Figure 2. Table 1 was updated. An animation was added (Movie.gif). The references list (Further Reading) was updated. Krauss, 1986 was removed. Haine et al. (2008), Carton and Hakkinen, Eds., (2011) and Siedler, Griffies, Gould and Church (Eds), (2013) were added.
Keywords: Atlantic Deep Water flow; Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC); Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic water masses; Core method; Currents; Eddies; Gulf Stream; Gyre; Labrador Sea; Mid-Atlantic Ridge; North Atlantic Oscillation; South Atlantic; Thermohaline circulation;
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB1 Ocean Circulation and Climate Dynamics > FB1-PO Physical Oceanography
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1016/B978-0-12-409548-9.11291-6
Date Deposited: 30 Jul 2018 09:54
Last Modified: 29 Apr 2019 09:42

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