ZnAl2 O4 -Functionalized Zinc Oxide Microstructures for Highly Selective Hydrogen Gas Sensing Applications.

Hoppe, Mathias, Lupan, Oleg, Postica, Vasile, Wolff, Niklas, Duppel, Viola, Kienle, Lorenz, Tiginyanu, Ion and Adelung, Rainer (2018) ZnAl2 O4 -Functionalized Zinc Oxide Microstructures for Highly Selective Hydrogen Gas Sensing Applications. Open Access Physica Status Solidi a-Applications and Materials Science, 215 (7). p. 1700772. DOI 10.1002/pssa.201700772.

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Abstract

In this work, a simple method of ZnAl2O4‐functionalization of ZnO microstructures is presented. The different characterization methods (structural, chemical, and micro‐Raman) demonstrated the presence of only ZnO and ZnAl2O4 crystalline phases. ZnAl2O4 nano‐crystallites grow on the surfaces of ZnO 3D microstructures having diameters of 50–100 nm and with high density. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and high‐resolution TEM (HRTEM) results clearly show ZnAl2O4 crystallites functionalizing zinc oxide tetrapod arms. The individual structures (microwires (MWs) and three‐dimensional (3D) tetrapods (Ts)) are integrated into functional devices, suitable for gas sensing applications. All devices show excellent hydrogen gas selectivity at relatively low operating temperature in the range of 25–100 °C. The highest gas sensing performances are obtained based on individual ZnAl2O4‐functionalized ZnO tetrapods (ZnAl2O4/ZnO‐T, with an arm diameter (D) of ≈400 nm) and a response of ≈2 at 25 °C to 100 ppm of hydrogen gas (H­2), while a ZnAl2O4/ZnO‐MW (D ≈ 400 nm) shows only a response of ≈1.1. The Al‐doped ZnO MW (D ≈ 400 nm) without ZnAl2O4 elaborated in another work, chosen only for comparison reason, shows no response up to 800 ppm H2 gas concentration. A gas sensing mechanism is proposed for a single ZnAl2O4/ZnO‐T microstructure based sensor. The obtained results on ZnAl2O4/ZnO‐T‐based devices is superior to many reported performances of other individual metal oxide nanostructures with much lower diameter, showing promising results for room temperature H2 gas sensing applications.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: functionalization, hybrid, hydrogen sensors, ZnAl2O4, ZnO tetrapod
Research affiliation: Kiel University > Kiel Marine Science
OceanRep > The Future Ocean - Cluster of Excellence
Kiel University
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1002/pssa.201700772
ISSN: 1862-6300
Projects: Future Ocean
Date Deposited: 31 Jul 2018 09:43
Last Modified: 27 Mar 2019 11:34
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/43835

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