Experimental Study of Mixed Gas Hydrates from Gas Feed Containing CH4, CO2 and N2: Phase Equilibrium in the Presence of Excess Water and Gas Exchange.

Legoix, Ludovic Nicolas, Ruffine, Livio, Deusner, Christian and Haeckel, Matthias (2018) Experimental Study of Mixed Gas Hydrates from Gas Feed Containing CH4, CO2 and N2: Phase Equilibrium in the Presence of Excess Water and Gas Exchange. Open Access Energies, 11 (8). Article 1984. DOI 10.3390/en11081984.

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Abstract

This article presents gas hydrate experimental measurements for mixtures containing methane (CH4), carbon dioxide (CO2) and nitrogen (N2) with the aim to better understand the impact of water (H2O) on the phase equilibrium. Some of these phase equilibrium experiments were carried out with a very high water-to-gas ratio that shifts the gas hydrate dissociation points to higher pressures. This is due to the significantly different solubilities of the different guest molecules in liquid H2O. A second experiment focused on CH4-CO2 exchange between the hydrate and the vapor phases at moderate pressures. The results show a high retention of CO2 in the gas hydrate phase with small pressure variations within the first hours. However, for our system containing 10.2 g of H2O full conversion of the CH4 hydrate grains to CO2 hydrate is estimated to require 40 days. This delay is attributed to the shrinking core effect, where initially an outer layer of CO2-rich hydrate is formed that effectively slows down the further gas exchange between the vapor phase and the inner core of the CH4-rich hydrate grain.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: gas hydrates, mixed gas thermodynamics, CH4; CO2; N2; high-pressure experiments; phase equilibrium; gas exchange
Research affiliation: IFREMER
OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB2 Marine Biogeochemistry > FB2-MG Marine Geosystems
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.3390/en11081984
ISSN: 1996-1073
Projects: SUGAR III
Date Deposited: 20 Aug 2018 13:04
Last Modified: 24 May 2019 12:49
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/44024

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