Underwater hyperspectral imaging as an in situ taxonomic tool for deep-sea megafauna.

Dumke, Ines, Purser, Autun, Marcon, Yann, Nornes, Stein M., Johnsen, Geir, Ludvigsen, Martin and Søreide, Fredrik (2018) Underwater hyperspectral imaging as an in situ taxonomic tool for deep-sea megafauna. Open Access Scientific Reports, 8 (12860). DOI 10.1038/s41598-018-31261-4.

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Abstract

Identification of benthic megafauna is commonly based on analysis of physical samples or imagery acquired by cameras mounted on underwater platforms. Physical collection of samples is difficult, particularly from the deep sea, and identification of taxonomic morphotypes from imagery depends on resolution and investigator experience. Here, we show how an Underwater Hyperspectral Imager (UHI) can be used as an alternative in situ taxonomic tool for benthic megafauna. A UHI provides a much higher spectral resolution than standard RGB imagery, allowing marine organisms to be identified based on specific optical fingerprints. A set of reference spectra from identified organisms is established and supervised classification performed to identify benthic megafauna semi-autonomously. The UHI data provide an increased detection rate for small megafauna difficult to resolve in standard RGB imagery. In addition, seafloor anomalies with distinct spectral signatures are also detectable. In the region investigated, sediment anomalies (spectral reflectance minimum at ~675 nm) unclear in RGB imagery were indicative of chlorophyll a on the seafloor. Underwater hyperspectral imaging therefore has a great potential in seafloor habitat mapping and monitoring, with areas of application ranging from shallow coastal areas to the deep sea.

Document Type: Article
Funder compliance: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/FP7/604500
Keywords: CENTRAL EQUATORIAL PACIFIC; FLOOR MASSIVE SULFIDES; SPECTROMETRY; CLASSIFICATION; SIMILARITY; COMMUNITY; ABUNDANCE; SPECTRA; NODULES; BENTHOSCENTRAL EQUATORIAL PACIFIC; FLOOR MASSIVE SULFIDES; SPECTROMETRY; CLASSIFICATION; SIMILARITY; COMMUNITY; ABUNDANCE; SPECTRA; NODULES; BENTHOS
Research affiliation: MARUM
AWI
OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB4 Dynamics of the Ocean Floor > FB4-GDY Marine Geodynamics
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.1038/s41598-018-31261-4
ISSN: 2045-2322
Related URLs:
Projects: JPIO-MiningImpact, Blue Mining
Expeditions/Models/Experiments:
Date Deposited: 03 Sep 2018 12:55
Last Modified: 13 Sep 2018 08:04
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/44132

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