Significance of Dynamic Pore PressureVariations - Comparison of Observations on Mud Volcanoes on the Costa Rica Margin and in the Gulf of Cadiz.

Brückmann, Warner, Linke, Peter, Pieper, M., Hensen, Christian and Tuerk, M. (2006) Significance of Dynamic Pore PressureVariations - Comparison of Observations on Mud Volcanoes on the Costa Rica Margin and in the Gulf of Cadiz. [Talk] In: AGU Fall Meeting 2006. , 11.-15.12.2006, San Francisco, USA .

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Abstract

Research in the cooperative research center (SFB) 574 "Volatiles and Fluids in Subduction Zones" at the University Kiel focuses on volatile and fluid exchange processes at subduction zones. These have a significant impact on the long-term geochemical evolution of the hydrosphere and atmosphere. In the SFB 574 working area off Central America more than 120 mud volcanoes, mud diapirs and cold seeps have been identified and sampled. To better understand the internal dynamics of these structures and the temporal variability of fluid expulsion an in-situ tool for monitoring shallow pore pressure variations was devised. The tool (PWPL) monitors pore pressure variations along a 2m profile in the shallow subsurface using a stinger with 4 pressure ports. Positioned with a video-guided lander the stinger is gently pushed into the seafloor where it remains for several weeks or months in autonomous mode before being retrieved. While particular emphasis was placed on the convergent margin of Central America, mud volcanoes in other tectonic settings suitable for long-term observations of fluid flux are used for comparison. Here we will present data and interpretations from two mud volcanoes off Costa Rica and in the Gulf of Cadiz where we have conducted successful tests. Pore pressure data from short-term tests on Mound 11 on the continental slope off Costa Rica are compared with new results from a long-term (3-month) campaign on the Captain Arutjunov deep water mud volcano in the Gulf of Cadiz. Rates of fluid flow at both structures have been thoroughly characterized and quantified with geochemical methods providing a frame of reference for judging the significance of dynamic pore pressure variations.

Document Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Talk)
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB2 Marine Biogeochemistry > FB2-MG Marine Geosystems
OceanRep > SFB 574 > B2
OceanRep > SFB 574
Refereed: No
Date Deposited: 07 Apr 2010 11:41
Last Modified: 15 Apr 2013 08:20
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/4416

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