Evolution of Eastern Equatorial Pacific Seasonal and Interannual Variability in response to orbital forcing during the Holocene and Eemian from Model Simulations.

Khon, Vyacheslav, Schneider, Birgit, Latif, Mojib, Park, Wonsun and Wengel, Christian (2018) Evolution of Eastern Equatorial Pacific Seasonal and Interannual Variability in response to orbital forcing during the Holocene and Eemian from Model Simulations. Geophysical Research Letters, 45 (18). pp. 9843-9851. DOI 10.1029/2018GL079337.

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Abstract

Characteristics of the seasonal and interannual sea surface temperature (SST) variability in the eastern equatorial Pacific (EEP) over last two interglacials, the Holocene and Eemian, are analyzed using transient climate simulations with the Kiel Climate Model (KCM). There is a tendency towards a strengthening of the seasonal as well as the El Niño/Southern Oscillation‐ (ENSO) related variability from the early to the late interglacials. The weaker EEP SST annual cycle during the early interglacials is mainly result of insolation‐forced cooling during its warm phase and dynamically‐induced warming during its cold phase. Enhanced convection over northern South America weakens northeasterlies in the EEP leading to weaker equatorial upwelling, deeper thermocline and subsequent warming in this region. We show that a negative ENSO modulation of the annual cycle operates only on short timescales and does not affect their evolution on orbital time scales where both ENSO and annual cycle show similar tendencies to increase.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Annual Cycle; ENSO; Paleosimulations; Tropical Pacific; Orbital forcing; interglacial
Research affiliation: OceanRep > The Future Ocean - Cluster of Excellence > FO-R09
OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB1 Ocean Circulation and Climate Dynamics > FB1-ME Maritime Meteorology
OceanRep > The Future Ocean - Cluster of Excellence
OceanRep > SFB 754
OceanRep > SFB 754 > A1
Kiel University
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1029/2018GL079337
ISSN: 0094-8276
Projects: SFB754, Future Ocean, PalMod
Expeditions/Models/Experiments:
Date Deposited: 11 Sep 2018 08:26
Last Modified: 07 Dec 2018 14:15
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/44191

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