Simulating the modern δ30Si distribution in the oceans and in marine sediments.

Gao, S., Wolf-Gladrow, D. A. and Völker, C. (2016) Simulating the modern δ30Si distribution in the oceans and in marine sediments. Open Access Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 30 (2). pp. 120-133. DOI 10.1002/2015GB005189.

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Abstract

The δ30Si of biogenic silica ( urn:x-wiley:gbc:media:gbc20388:gbc20388-math-0001) in marine sediments is a promising proxy for the reconstruction of silicic acid utilization by diatoms in the geological past. The application of this proxy, however, requires an understanding of the modern δ30Si distributions and their controlling mechanisms. Here we present results from a modern climate simulation with a coupled ocean‐sediment model that includes a prognostic formulation of biogenic silica production with concurrent silicon isotopic fractionation. In agreement with previous studies, biological fractionation combined with physical transport and mixing determines the oceanic distribution of simulated δ30Si. A new finding is a distinct seasonal cycle of δ30Si in the surface ocean, which is inversely related to that of silicic acid concentration and mixed layer depth. We also provide the first simulation results of sedimentary δ30Si, which reveal that (1) the urn:x-wiley:gbc:media:gbc20388:gbc20388-math-0002 distribution in the surface sediment reflects the exported urn:x-wiley:gbc:media:gbc20388:gbc20388-math-0003 signal from the euphotic zone and (2) the dissolution of biogenic silica in the sediment acts as a source of relatively light δ30Si into the bottom waters of the polar oceans, while it is a source of heavier δ30Si to the subtropical South Atlantic and South Pacific.

Document Type: Article
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1002/2015GB005189
ISSN: 0886-6236
Projects: PalMod in-kind
Date Deposited: 11 Sep 2018 09:16
Last Modified: 01 Feb 2019 15:09
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/44199

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