The effect of a dynamic soil scheme on the climate of the mid-Holocene and the Last Glacial Maximum.

Stärz, M., Lohmann, G. and Knorr, G. (2016) The effect of a dynamic soil scheme on the climate of the mid-Holocene and the Last Glacial Maximum. Open Access Climate of the Past, 12 (1). pp. 151-170. DOI 10.5194/cp-12-151-2016.

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Abstract

In order to account for coupled climate–soil processes, we have developed a soil scheme which is asynchronously coupled to a comprehensive climate model with dynamic vegetation. This scheme considers vegetation as the primary control of changes in physical soil characteristics. We test the scheme for a warmer (mid-Holocene) and colder (Last Glacial Maximum) climate relative to the preindustrial climate. We find that the computed changes in physical soil characteristics lead to significant amplification of global climate anomalies, representing a positive feedback. The inclusion of the soil feedback yields an extra surface warming of 0.24 °C for the mid-Holocene and an additional global cooling of 1.07 °C for the Last Glacial Maximum. Transition zones such as desert–savannah and taiga–tundra exhibit a pronounced response in the model version with dynamic soil properties. Energy balance model analyses reveal that our soil scheme amplifies the temperature anomalies in the mid-to-high northern latitudes via changes in the planetary albedo and the effective longwave emissivity. As a result of the modified soil treatment and the positive feedback to climate, part of the underestimated mid-Holocene temperature response to orbital forcing can be reconciled in the model.

Document Type: Article
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.5194/cp-12-151-2016
ISSN: 1814-9324
Projects: PalMod in-kind
Date Deposited: 13 Sep 2018 11:36
Last Modified: 01 Feb 2019 15:11
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/44289

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