Radiocarbon constraints on the extent and evolution of the South Pacific glacial carbon pool.

Ronge, T. A., Tiedemann, R., Lamy, F., Köhler, P., Alloway, B. V., De Pol-Holz, R., Pahnke, K., Southon, J. and Wacker, L. (2016) Radiocarbon constraints on the extent and evolution of the South Pacific glacial carbon pool. Open Access Nature Communications, 7 . Art.Nr. 11487. DOI 10.1038/ncomms11487.

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Abstract

During the last deglaciation, the opposing patterns of atmospheric CO2 and radiocarbon activities (Δ14C) suggest the release of 14C-depleted CO2 from old carbon reservoirs. Although evidences point to the deep Pacific as a major reservoir of this 14C-depleted carbon, its extent and evolution still need to be constrained. Here we use sediment cores retrieved along a South Pacific transect to reconstruct the spatio-temporal evolution of Δ14C over the last 30,000 years. In ∼2,500–3,600 m water depth, we find 14C-depleted deep waters with a maximum glacial offset to atmospheric 14C (ΔΔ14C=−1,000‰). Using a box model, we test the hypothesis that these low values might have been caused by an interaction of aging and hydrothermal CO2 influx. We observe a rejuvenation of circumpolar deep waters synchronous and potentially contributing to the initial deglacial rise in atmospheric CO2. These findings constrain parts of the glacial carbon pool to the deep South Pacific.

Document Type: Article
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.1038/ncomms11487
ISSN: 2041-1723
Projects: PalMod in-kind
Expeditions/Models/Experiments:
Date Deposited: 14 Sep 2018 08:51
Last Modified: 17 Jan 2019 13:31
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/44302

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