The distribution of neodymium isotopes and concentrations in the eastern tropical North Atlantic.

Zieringer, Moritz, Frank, Martin, Stumpf, Roland and Hathorne, Ed C. (2019) The distribution of neodymium isotopes and concentrations in the eastern tropical North Atlantic. Chemical Geology, 511 . pp. 265-278. DOI 10.1016/j.chemgeo.2018.11.024.

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Supplementary data:

Abstract

Dissolved neodymium (Nd) and its radiogenic isotope composition (143Nd/144Nd, expressed as εNd) belong to the key parameters of the international GEOTRACES program, which aims to investigate the processes controlling the distribution of trace elements and their isotopes in the global ocean. We present Nd isotope and concentration ([Nd]) data from eleven full depth water column profiles from the eastern (sub)tropical Atlantic Ocean between 2°N and 29°N and from the Romanche Fracture Zone sampled during Meteor cruise M81/1 (GEOTRACES cruise GA11) in February/March 2010.

The εNd signatures range from −12.9 in upper North Atlantic Deep Water (UNADW) at the equator to −8.1 in the mixed layer near the Canary Islands. Nd concentrations range from 11.9 pmol/kg observed within the Equatorial Undercurrent to 40.2 pmol/kg in Antarctic Bottom Water (AABW) in the Romanche Fracture Zone. Large variations in surface water Nd isotope compositions (−12.7 ≤ εNd ≤ −8.1) and concentrations (15.7 pmol/kg ≤ [Nd] ≤ 27.7 pmol/kg) are caused by partial dissolution of Saharan dust particles between 2°N and 13°N and volcanic island weathering (Canaries) between 25°N and 29°N. In contrast to dust inputs, which predominantly affect the Nd concentrations and isotope compositions of surface waters and underlying South Atlantic Central Water (SACW), contributions originating from the Canary Islands affect the Nd isotope composition of the entire surrounding water column without significantly altering Nd concentrations, thus confirming the concept of boundary exchange in its strictest sense.

The results confirm that the composition of lower North Atlantic Deep Water (LNADW, εNd = −12.1) in the abyssal plains of the eastern North Atlantic is exclusively set by the mixing ratio of LNADW and Antarctic Bottom Water (AABW). Upper North Atlantic Deep Water (UNADW), in contrast, is characterized by εNd signatures between −12.7 and − 12.0 between 2°N and 10°N, whereas further north it is clearly affected by admixture of Mediterranean Water (MW) and radiogenic inputs from the Canary Islands and likely also the Cape Verde Islands. This article is part of a special issue entitled: Conway GEOTRACES - edited by Tim M. Conway, Tristan Horner, Yves Plancherel, and Aridane G. González.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Neodymium isotopes, Neodymium concentrations, Eastern North Atlantic, GEOTRACES GA11, North Atlantic circulation
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB1 Ocean Circulation and Climate Dynamics > FB1-P-OZ Paleo-Oceanography
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1016/j.chemgeo.2018.11.024
ISSN: 0009-2541
Projects: GEOTRACES
Expeditions/Models/Experiments:
Date Deposited: 06 Dec 2018 12:44
Last Modified: 02 Apr 2019 12:41
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/44867

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