Microbially Mediated Hydrogen Cycling in Deep-Sea Hydrothermal Vents.

Adam, Nicole and Perner, Mirjam (2018) Microbially Mediated Hydrogen Cycling in Deep-Sea Hydrothermal Vents. Open Access Frontiers in Microbiology, 9 (2873). DOI 10.3389/fmicb.2018.02873.

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Abstract

Deep-sea hydrothermal vents may provide one of the largest reservoirs on Earth for hydrogen-oxidizing microorganisms. Depending on the type of geological setting, hydrothermal environments can be considerably enriched in hydrogen (up to millimolar concentrations). As hot, reduced hydrothermal fluids ascend to the seafloor they mix with entrained cold, oxygenated seawater, forming thermal and chemical gradients along their fluid pathways. Consequently, in these thermally and chemically dynamic habitats biochemically distinct hydrogenases (adapted to various temperature regimes, oxygen and hydrogen concentrations) from physiologically and phylogenetically diverse Bacteria and Archaea can be expected. Hydrogen oxidation is one of the important inorganic energy sources in these habitats, capable of providing relatively large amounts of energy (237 kJ/mol H-2) for driving ATP synthesis and autotrophic CO2 fixation. Therefore, hydrogen-oxidizing organisms play a key role in deep-sea hydrothermal vent ecosystems as they can be considerably involved in light-independent primary biomass production. So far, the specific role of hydrogen-utilizing microorganisms in deep-sea hydrothermal ecosystems has been investigated by isolating hydrogen-oxidizers, measuring hydrogen consumption (ex situ), studying hydrogenase gene distribution and more recently by analyzing metatranscriptomic and metaproteomic data. Here we summarize this available knowledge and discuss the advent of new techniques for the identification of novel hydrogen-uptake and - evolving enzymes from hydrothermal vent microorganisms.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: hydrogen cycling; hydrogen consumption; hydrogenases; hydrogen oxidizers; hydrothermal vent
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB2 Marine Biogeochemistry > FB2-MG Marine Geosystems
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.3389/fmicb.2018.02873
ISSN: 1664-302X
Date Deposited: 07 Dec 2018 08:56
Last Modified: 24 May 2019 07:38
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/44874

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