National Gas Hydrate Program expedition 02: Identification of gas hydrate prospects in the Krishna-Godavari Basin, offshore India.

Shukla, K. M. , Collett, T. S., Kumar, Pushpendra, Yadav, U. S., Boswell, R. , Frye, M., Riedel, Michael , Kaur, I. and Vishwanath, K. (2018) National Gas Hydrate Program expedition 02: Identification of gas hydrate prospects in the Krishna-Godavari Basin, offshore India. Marine and Petroleum Geology . DOI 10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2018.11.013.

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Supplementary data:



• The pre-dill assessment of seismic data yielded identification of total 22 gas hydrate prospective sites.
• The paper details the pre-expedition studies for identification of 18 Gas hydrate prospects.
• On-board dynamic review studies for delineation of pre-expedition sites also detailed.
• The drilling results matched with pre-expedition prediction, validated approach adopted for gas hydrate prospecting.


After completing the first expedition of India's National Gas Hydrate Program (NGHP-01) in 2006, it was concluded that for the next expedition (National Gas Hydrate Program 02; NGHP-02), a new drill site review effort should focus on identifying potential deep-water offshore gas hydrate accumulations in sand dominated depositional environments. Therefore, geological and geophysical data analysis and 3D seismic data interpretation along with associated seismic modeling were carried out in three areas of the Krishna-Godavari Basin: Areas B, C, and E. Conventional petroleum exploration approaches of seismic amplitude evaluation were adapted to prospect for potentially sand-rich depositional systems within the gas hydrate stability zone. Subsequently, these prospective areas were further assessed through the geological and geophysical evaluation of depositional setting, gas sources, and gas migration pathways. In Area B, prospecting focused on a large anticlinal structure with a prominent bottom-simulating reflector and several key horizons that indicated evidence for potential sand-hosted hydrate occurrences. In Area C, the prospects were distributed throughout various settings within a very large deep-water channel-levee-fan system with complex indications of potential gas hydrate occurrence in sand-prone seismic facies. In Area E, prospects were associated with high amplitude events within inferred channel-levee sequences. Based on the pre-expedition/onboard drill-site evaluation, the 22 most promising sites in the Krishna-Godavari Basin were identified and prioritized to investigate and delineate a total of 17 identified gas hydrate prospects. This paper describes the geo-scientific studies carried out prior to NGHP-02 for site identification, evaluation and prioritization. An important outcome of this study is the identification of two potentially producible gas hydrate systems inferred to host significant quantities of gas hydrate in stratigraphic-structural traps.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Gas hydrate sand reservoir, Seismic, Gas hydrate proxy, Base of gas hydrate zone (BGHZ), Gas hydrate petroleum system, NGHP-02, Bottom-simulating-reflector, Seismic evidences, Seismic attributes, Reservoir identification, Gas hydrate characterization
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB4 Dynamics of the Ocean Floor > FB4-GDY Marine Geodynamics
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2018.11.013
ISSN: 0264-8172
Date Deposited: 11 Dec 2018 13:04
Last Modified: 11 Dec 2018 13:04

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