A 190-ka biomarker record revealing interactions between sea ice, Atlantic Water inflow and ice sheet activity in eastern Fram Strait.

Kremer, A., Stein, R., Fahl, K., Bauch, Henning , Mackensen, A. and Niessen, F. (2018) A 190-ka biomarker record revealing interactions between sea ice, Atlantic Water inflow and ice sheet activity in eastern Fram Strait. Arktos, 4 (Article 22). DOI 10.1007/s41063-018-0052-0.

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Abstract

The northeastern Fram Strait at the entrance to the Arctic Ocean represents a key observatory for sea ice reconstructions as it sensitively reacts to environmental changes. A combined biomarker approach (HBIs, sterols, alkenones) was carried out on Core PS93/006-1 from the western Svalbard margin to reconstruct sea ice conditions related to glacial–interglacial cycles of the last 190 ka. The continuous presence of sea ice demonstrates the strong influence of polar water masses in the eastern Fram Strait. Glacial intervals are characterised by extended sea ice conditions with perennial sea ice cover during early MIS 6, the Penultimate Glacial Maximum, the interstadial MIS 5d, MIS 4 and the Last Glacial Maximum. Less severe, yet highly variable, sea ice conditions with more frequent summer melt dominated the interglacial stages. The opposing sea ice conditions along the western and northern Svalbard margin highlight the different regional impact of various environmental forces in eastern Fram Strait. Thus, the major expansion of the Svalbard Barents Sea Ice Sheet favoured the formation of perennial sea ice west of Svalbard while it triggered the establishment of marginal ice cover on the Yermak Plateau.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Sea ice, Ice sheets, IP25, Biomarker, Arctic ocean, Fram strait
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1007/s41063-018-0052-0
ISSN: 2364-9453
Projects: CATS
Expeditions/Models/Experiments:
Date Deposited: 09 Jan 2019 12:46
Last Modified: 14 Aug 2020 07:36
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/45233

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