Deglacial to Holocene Ocean Temperatures in the Humboldt Current System as Indicated by Alkenone Paleothermometry.

Salvatteci, Renato , Schneider, Ralph , Blanz, Thomas and Mollier-Vogel, Elfi (2019) Deglacial to Holocene Ocean Temperatures in the Humboldt Current System as Indicated by Alkenone Paleothermometry. Geophysical Research Letters, 46 . DOI 10.1029/2018gl080634.

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Abstract

The response of the Humboldt Current System to future global warming is uncertain. Here we reconstruct alkenone‐derived near‐surface temperatures from multiple cores along the Peruvian coast to infer the driving mechanisms of upwelling changes for the last 20 kyr. Our records show a deglacial warming consistent with Antarctic ice‐core temperatures and a Mid‐Holocene cooling, which, in combination with other paleoceanographic records, suggest a strengthening of upwelling conditions. This cooling, during the globally warm Mid‐Holocene, is consistent with an intensification of the Walker Circulation and the South Eastern Pacific Subtropical Anticyclone, indicative of La Niña‐like conditions in the Tropical Pacific. Surprisingly, oxygen contents in the subsurface increased and productivity was low during the Mid‐Holocene, which are at odds with La Niña‐like conditions. This suggests that the Humboldt Current System reacts in multiple ways to a warmer world and may even include a reversal in the present day subsurface deoxygenation.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Humboldt Current upwelling alkenones Peru
Research affiliation: OceanRep > SFB 754 > A6
Kiel University > Kiel Marine Science
OceanRep > The Future Ocean - Cluster of Excellence
OceanRep > SFB 754
Kiel University
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1029/2018gl080634
ISSN: 0094-8276
Projects: SFB754, Future Ocean
Date Deposited: 14 Jan 2019 08:30
Last Modified: 28 Mar 2019 07:52
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/45305

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