Biodiversity and the Functioning of Ecosystems in the Age of Global Change: Integrating Knowledge Across Scales.

Barboza, Francisco R. , Ito, Maysa and Franz, Markus (2018) Biodiversity and the Functioning of Ecosystems in the Age of Global Change: Integrating Knowledge Across Scales. Open Access In: YOUMARES 8 – Oceans Across Boundaries: Learning from each other. . Springer, Cham, Switzerland, pp. 167-178. ISBN 978-3-319-93284-2 DOI 10.1007/978-3-319-93284-2_12.

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Abstract

The dramatic decline of biodiversity worldwide has raised a general concern on the impacts this process could have for the well-being of humanity. Human societies strongly depend on the benefits provided by natural ecosystems, which are the result of biogeochemical processes governed by species activities and their interaction with abiotic compartments. After decades of experimental research on the biodiversity-functioning relationship, a relative agreement has been reached on the mechanisms underlying the impacts that biodiversity loss can have on ecosystem processes. However, a general consensus is still missing. We suggest that the reason preventing an integration of existing knowledge is the scale discrepancy between observations on global change impacts and biodiversity-functioning experiments. The present chapter provides an overview of global change impacts on biodiversity across various ecological scales and its consequences for ecosystem functioning, highlighting what is known and where knowledge gaps still persist. Furthermore, the reader will be introduced to a set of tools that allow a multi-scale analysis of how global change drivers impact ecosystem functioning.

Document Type: Book chapter
Additional Information: This article is related to the YOUMARES 8 conference session no. 6: “The Interplay Between Marine Biodiversity and Ecosystems Functioning: Patterns and Mechanisms in a Changing World”. The original Call for Abstracts and the abstracts of the presentations within this session can be found in the appendix “Conference Sessions and Abstracts”, chapter “11 The Interplay Between Marine Biodiversity and Ecosystems Functioning: Patterns and Mechanisms in a Changing World”, of this book.
Keywords: Biodiversity-functioning relationship Global change; Multiscale analysis; Dynamic energy budget model; Ecological network analysis; Loop analysis
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB3 Marine Ecology > FB3-EOE-B Experimental Ecology - Benthic Ecology
DOI etc.: 10.1007/978-3-319-93284-2_12
Date Deposited: 14 Jan 2019 09:50
Last Modified: 14 Jan 2019 09:50
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/45318

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