Effects of resveratrol and genistein on nutrient digestibility and intestinal histopathology of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss).

Torno, Claudia, Staats, Stefanie, Rimbach, Gerald and Schulz, Carsten (2018) Effects of resveratrol and genistein on nutrient digestibility and intestinal histopathology of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Aquaculture, 491 . pp. 114-120. DOI 10.1016/j.aquaculture.2018.03.020.

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Supplementary data:

Abstract

Current trends in aquaculture production have led to the interesting approach of using plant-derived bioactives and phytochemicals in fish nutrition. The potential use of phytochemicals covers, among many other aspects, also the search for substances that increase the nutritional value of aquaculture products. Apart from the targeted beneficial effects, dietary supplements might exert adverse side effects. In this study, resveratrol and genistein were investigated for their effects on nutrient digestibility and intestinal histopathology of rainbow trout. A three-week digestibility trial was conducted with rainbow trout (144.2 ± 16.1 g) fed three experimental diets: diet CD was the control diet, diet RV was supplemented with resveratrol (0.3% dry matter of the diet), and diet G was supplemented with genistein (0.3% dry matter of the diet). The trial revealed slightly negative effects of the phytochemical-supplemented diets on the digestibility of dry matter (diet G), crude lipid (diet G), and gross energy (diets G and RV). The histopathological investigation of the hindgut revealed neither damage nor improvement of the intestinal morphology through resveratrol and genistein. Thus, microscopic changes and inflammation could be excluded as reason for the reduced digestibility. Overall, the effects of resveratrol and genistein on the digestibility of macronutrients are considered as one possible mechanism impairing growth and performance of rainbow trout.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Stilbene, Phytoestrogen, Antinutrient, Apparent digestibility coefficient, Morphology
Research affiliation: Kiel University > Kiel Marine Science
OceanRep > The Future Ocean - Cluster of Excellence
Kiel University
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1016/j.aquaculture.2018.03.020
ISSN: 0044-8486
Projects: Future Ocean
Date Deposited: 30 Jan 2019 11:57
Last Modified: 08 Apr 2019 10:09
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/45577

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