Flavonoids as putative modulators of Δ4-, Δ5-, and Δ6-desaturases: Studies in cultured hepatocytes, myocytes, and adipocytes.

Kühn, Gianna, Pallauf, Kathrin, Schulz, Carsten and Rimbach, Gerald (2018) Flavonoids as putative modulators of Δ4-, Δ5-, and Δ6-desaturases: Studies in cultured hepatocytes, myocytes, and adipocytes. BioFactors, 44 (5). pp. 485-495. DOI 10.1002/biof.1443.

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Supplementary data:

Abstract

This study was conducted to screen flavonoids for affecting expression of desaturases involved in omega‐3 fatty acid synthesis and ceramide (CER) metabolism. To this end, cultured HepG2 hepatocytes, C2C12 myocytes, and 3T3‐L1 adipocytes were treated with nontoxic concentrations of 12 selected flavonoids and expression of Δ4‐, Δ5‐, and Δ6‐desaturases (DEGS1, FADS1, and FADS2, respectively) was determined. The flavonoids tested were more cytotoxic to HepG2 and 3T3‐L1 than to C2C12 cells. In HepG2 cells, FADS1 was induced by quercetin and FADS2 expression was increased by daidzein, genistein, and pratensein treatment. DEGS1 was increased by apigenin, luteolin, orobol, and quercetin administration. In differentiated C2C12 cells, substances had no inducing effect or even lowered target gene expression. Pratensein induced both FADS1 and FADS2 in differentiated 3T3‐L1 cells and DEGS1 was increased by treatment with apigenin, genistein, luteolin, orobol, and quercetin. In conclusion, pratensein may be an interesting test compound for further studies in vitro and in vivo on omega‐3 synthesis since it induces its rate‐limiting enzyme FADS2. Apigenin, luteolin, orobol, and quercetin induced DEGS1 and thereby possibly synthesis of proapoptotic CER in malignant HepG2 cells and 3T3‐L1. In contrast, in benign C2C12 cells, they did not elevate mRNA steady state levels of DEGS1. That may partly explain the higher resistance of C2C12 cells against flavonoids compared to the other cell lines. By affecting tumor cells and nontumor cells differently, these flavonoids may be promising substances for further research regarding anticancer properties.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Flavonoids, omega‐3, ceramide, desaturases, cultured cells
Research affiliation: Kiel University > Kiel Marine Science
OceanRep > The Future Ocean - Cluster of Excellence
Kiel University
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1002/biof.1443
ISSN: 0951-6433
Projects: Future Ocean
Date Deposited: 30 Jan 2019 12:07
Last Modified: 02 Apr 2019 09:27
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/45588

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