Dietary Buglossoides arvensis Oil as a Potential Candidate to Substitute Fish Oil in Rainbow Trout Diets.

Fickler, Anna, Staats, Stefanie, Hasler, Mario, Rimbach, Gerald and Schulz, Carsten (2018) Dietary Buglossoides arvensis Oil as a Potential Candidate to Substitute Fish Oil in Rainbow Trout Diets. Lipids, 53 (8). pp. 809-823. DOI 10.1002/lipd.12092.

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Supplementary data:

Abstract

The utilization of vegetable oils in salmonid diets substantially decreased the body content of omega‐3 long‐chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (n‐3 LC‐PUFA), and thus the product quality for human consumption. Therefore, new ingredients for aquaculture feeds are needed that maximize the deposition of health‐promoting n‐3 LC‐PUFA. This study investigated Buglossoides arvensis (Ahiflower) oil, a plant oil rich in alpha‐linolenic acid (18:3n‐3, ALA) and stearidonic acid (18:4n‐3, SDA), as a source of n‐3 fatty acids in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) nutrition. Rainbow trout (87.4 ± 0.6 g) were fed for 56 days. The oils of the control diet (FV) were substituted by Ahiflower oil at 33%, 66%, and 100% (A33, A66, A100). Dietary Ahiflower oil increased the final body weights of fish. mRNA steady state levels of fatty acyl desaturase 2a (delta‐6) (fads2a(d6)) and 2b (delta‐5) (fads2b(d5)) as well as carnitine palmitoyl transferase 1 a (cpt1a) were not altered by dietary treatments. In contrast, cpt1c mRNA steady state levels were significantly downregulated in samples of fish fed A66 and A100. Significantly higher eicosapentaenoic acid (20:5n‐3, EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (22:6n‐3, DHA) levels were found in the liver and significantly higher EPA levels in the fillet of rainbow trout of A66 and A100 compared to FV. The content of DHA in fillets of fish fed Ahiflower oil was not significantly different to fish fed FV. Thus, high dietary amounts of Ahiflower oil can compensate for reduced dietary EPA and DHA levels.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Ahiflower oil, Fatty‐acid metabolism, Long‐chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC‐PUFA), Oil replacement, Rainbow trout, Stearidonic acid
Research affiliation: Kiel University > Kiel Marine Science
OceanRep > The Future Ocean - Cluster of Excellence
Kiel University
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1002/lipd.12092
ISSN: 0024-4201
Projects: Future Ocean
Date Deposited: 30 Jan 2019 12:10
Last Modified: 27 Mar 2019 09:33
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/45592

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