Metabolic preference of nitrate over oxygen as an electron acceptor in foraminifera from the Peruvian oxygen minimum zone.

Glock, Nicolaas, Roy, Alexandra-Sophie, Romero, Dennis, Wein, Tanita, Weissenbach, Julia, Revsbech, Niels Peter, Høgslund, Signe, Clemens, David, Sommer, Stefan and Dagan, Tal (2019) Metabolic preference of nitrate over oxygen as an electron acceptor in foraminifera from the Peruvian oxygen minimum zone. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 116 (8). pp. 2860-2865. DOI 10.1073/pnas.1813887116.

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Abstract

Benthic foraminifera populate a diverse range of marine habitats. Their ability to use alternative electron acceptors—nitrate (NO3−) or oxygen (O2)—makes them important mediators of benthic nitrogen cycling. Nevertheless, the metabolic scaling of the two alternative respiration pathways and the environmental determinants of foraminiferal denitrification rates are yet unknown. We measured denitrification and O2 respiration rates for 10 benthic foraminifer species sampled in the Peruvian oxygen minimum zone (OMZ). Denitrification and O2 respiration rates significantly scale sublinearly with the cell volume. The scaling is lower for O2 respiration than for denitrification, indicating that NO3− metabolism during denitrification is more efficient than O2 metabolism during aerobic respiration in foraminifera from the Peruvian OMZ. The negative correlation of the O2 respiration rate with the surface/volume ratio is steeper than for the denitrification rate. This is likely explained by the presence of an intracellular NO3− storage in denitrifying foraminifera. Furthermore, we observe an increasing mean cell volume of the Peruvian foraminifera, under higher NO3− availability. This suggests that the cell size of denitrifying foraminifera is not limited by O2 but rather by NO3− availability. Based on our findings, we develop a mathematical formulation of foraminiferal cell volume as a predictor of respiration and denitrification rates, which can further constrain foraminiferal biogeochemical cycling in biogeochemical models. Our findings show that NO3− is the preferred electron acceptor in foraminifera from the OMZ, where the foraminiferal contribution to denitrification is governed by the ratio between NO3− and O2.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: eukaryotic denitrification, foraminifera, oxygen minimum zone, nitrogen cycle
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB2 Marine Biogeochemistry > FB2-MG Marine Geosystems
Kiel University > Kiel Marine Science
OceanRep > The Future Ocean - Cluster of Excellence
OceanRep > SFB 754
Kiel University
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1073/pnas.1813887116
ISSN: 0027-8424
Projects: SFB754
Expeditions/Models/Experiments:
Date Deposited: 07 Feb 2019 14:12
Last Modified: 04 Mar 2019 09:37
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/45751

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