Simulating the chemical kinetics of CO2-methane exchange in hydrate.

Gharasoo, Mehdi , Babaei, Masoud and Haeckel, Matthias (2019) Simulating the chemical kinetics of CO2-methane exchange in hydrate. Journal of Natural Gas Science and Engineering, 62 . pp. 330-339. DOI 10.1016/j.jngse.2018.12.018.

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Supplementary data:

Abstract

Highlights

• CO2-methane exchange in a pressure vessel was simulated.
• The model uses a detailed description of the kinetics for the CO2-methane exchange and simplifies the transport phenomena.
• Irreversible dissociation rate of CH4- and CO2-hydrate in the pressure vessel was estimated as 0.02 and 0.03 mol m−3.s−1.
• Formation of CO2-hydrate not only improved the quality of CO2 retention but also enhanced the methane recovery.

Carbon dioxide exchange with methane in the clathrate structure has been shown beneficial in laboratory experiments and has been suggested as a field-scale technique for production of natural gas from gas-hydrate bearing sediments. Furthermore, the method is environmentally attractive due to the formation of CO2-hydrate in the sediments, leading to the geosequestration of carbon dioxide. However, the knowledge is still limited on the impact of small-scale heterogeneities on hydrate dissociation kinetics. In the present study, we developed a model for simulating laboratory experiments of carbon dioxide injection into a pressure vessel containing a mixture of gas hydrate and quartz sand. Four experiments at different temperature and pressure conditions were modeled. The model assumes that the contents are ideally mixed and aims to estimate the effective dissociation rate of gas hydrate by matching the model results with the experimental observations. Simulation results indicate that with a marginal offset the model was able to simulate different hydrate dissociation experiments, in particular, those that are performed at high pressures and low temperatures. At low pressures and high temperatures large discrepancies were noticed between the model results and the experimental observations. The mismatches were attributed to the development of extremely heterogeneous flow patterns at pore-scale, where field-scale models usually assume the characteristics to be uniform. Through this modeling study we estimated the irreversible dissociation rate of methane- and CO2-hydrate as 0.02 and 0.03 mol m(-3) s(-1), respectively.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: CO2 injection; CO2-methane exchange; Gas-hydrate recovery; Small-scale heterogeneities; Kinetic modeling
Research affiliation: HMGU
OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB2 Marine Biogeochemistry > FB2-MG Marine Geosystems
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1016/j.jngse.2018.12.018
ISSN: 1875-5100
Projects: SUGAR
Date Deposited: 14 Feb 2019 07:53
Last Modified: 14 Feb 2019 11:07
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/45796

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