The influence of decadal oscillations on the oxygen and nutrient trends in the Pacific Ocean.

Stramma, Lothar , Schmidtko, Sunke , Bograd, Steven J., Ono, Tsuneo, Ross, Tetjana, Sasano, Daisuke and Whitney, Frank A. (2019) The influence of decadal oscillations on the oxygen and nutrient trends in the Pacific Ocean. Open Access Biogeosciences Discussions, 91 . pp. 1-38. DOI 10.5194/bg-2019-91.

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Abstract

A strong oxygen deficient layer is located in the upper layer of the tropical Pacific Ocean and at deeper depths in the North Pacific. Processes related to climate change (upper ocean warming, reduced ventilation) are expected to change ocean oxygen and nutrient inventories. In most ocean basins, a decrease in oxygen (‘deoxygenation’) and an increase of nutrients has been observed in subsurface layers. Deoxygenation trends are not linear and there could be other influences on oxygen and nutrient trends and variability. Here oxygen and nutrient time series since 1950 in the Pacific Ocean were investigated at 50 to 300 m depth, as this layer provides critical pelagic habitat for biological communities. In addition to trends related to ocean warming the oxygen and nutrient trends show a strong influence of the Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO) in the tropical and the eastern Pacific, and the North Pacific Gyre Oscillation (NPGO) especially in the North Pacific. In the Oyashio Region the PDO, the NPGO, the North Pacific Index (NPI) and a 18.6 year nodal tidal cycle overlay the long-term trend. In most regions oxygen increases and nutrients decrease in the 50 to 300 m layer during the negative PDO phase, with opposite trends during the positive PDO phase. The PDO index encapsulates the major mode of surface temperature variability in the Pacific and oxygen and nutrients trends throughout the basin can be described in the context of the PDO phases. An influence of the subtropical-tropical cell in the tropical Pacific cannot be proven with the available data. El Niño and La Niña years often influence the oxygen and nutrient distribution during the event in the eastern tropical Pacific, but do not have a multi-year influence on the trends.

Document Type: Article
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB1 Ocean Circulation and Climate Dynamics > FB1-PO Physical Oceanography
OceanRep > SFB 754
Refereed: No
Open Access Journal?: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.5194/bg-2019-91
ISSN: 1810-6285
Projects: SFB754
Expeditions/Models/Experiments:
Date Deposited: 27 Mar 2019 12:16
Last Modified: 27 Mar 2019 12:16
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/46228

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