New Age and Geochemical Data from the Southern Colville and Kermadec Ridges, SW Pacific: Insights into the recent geological history and petrogenesis of the Proto-Kermadec (Vitiaz) Arc.

Timm, Christian , de Ronde, C. E. J., Hoernle, Kaj , Cousens, B., Wartho, Jo-Anne , Tontini, F. Caratori, Wysoczanski, R., Hauff, Folkmar and Handler, M. (2019) New Age and Geochemical Data from the Southern Colville and Kermadec Ridges, SW Pacific: Insights into the recent geological history and petrogenesis of the Proto-Kermadec (Vitiaz) Arc. Gondwana Research, 72 . pp. 169-193. DOI 10.1016/j.gr.2019.02.008.

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Supplementary data:

Abstract

Highlights

• Age and petrogenesis of the Miocene-Pleistocene proto Kermadec arc: the Kermadec and Colville Ridge
• Complex interplay between element flux from the subducting Pacific Plate and heterogenous mantle wedge
• New insights into the recent tectonic history of the Kermadec arc system

Abstract

The intra-oceanic Kermadec arc system extends ~1300 km between New Zealand and Fiji and comprises at least 30 arc front volcanoes, the Havre Trough back-arc and the remnant Colville and Kermadec Ridges. To date, most research has focussed on the Kermadec arc front volcanoes leaving the Colville and Kermadec Ridges virtually unexplored. Here, we present seven 40Ar/39Ar ages together with a comprehensive major and trace element and Sr-, Nd-, and Pb-isotope dataset from the Colville and Kermadec Ridges to better understand the evolution, petrogenesis and splitting of the former proto-Kermadec (Vitiaz) Arc to form these two remnant arc ridges. Our 40Ar/39Ar ages range from ~7.5–2.6 Ma, which suggests that arc volcanism at the Colville Ridge occurred continuously and longer than previously thought. Recovered Colville and Kermadec Ridge lavas range from mafic picro-basalts (MgO = ~8 wt%) to dacites. The lavas have arc-type normalised incompatible element patterns and Sr and Pb isotopic compositions intermediate between Pacific MORB and subducted lithosphere (including sediments, altered oceanic crust and serpentinised uppermost mantle). Geochemically diverse lavas, including ocean island basalt-like and potassic lavas with high Ce/Yb, Th/Zr, intermediate 206Pb/204Pb and low 143Nd/144Nd ratios were recovered from the Oligocene South Fiji Basin (and Eocene Three Kings Ridge) located west of the Colville Ridge. If largely trench-perpendicular mantle flow was operating during the Miocene, this geochemical heterogeneity was likely preserved in the Colville and Kermadec sub arc mantle. The Colville and Kermadec Ridge data therefore highlight the complex interplay between pre-existing mantle heterogeneities and material fluxes from the subducting Pacific Plate. The new data allow us to present a holistic (yet simplified) picture of the tectonic evolution of the late Vitiaz Arc and northern Zealandia since the Miocene and how this tectonism influences volcanic activity along the Kermadec arc at the present.

Document Type: Article
Funder compliance: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/H2020/79308
Keywords: Island Arc Evolution, Colville Ridge, Kermadec Ridge, Geochemistry, Ar-Ar Geochronology, RV Sonne, RV Tangaroa, SO255, TAN1213, TAN1313, TAN1512
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB4 Dynamics of the Ocean Floor > FB4-MUHS Magmatic and Hydrothermal Systems > Marine Mineralische Rohstoffe
OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB4 Dynamics of the Ocean Floor > FB4-MUHS Magmatic and Hydrothermal Systems
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1016/j.gr.2019.02.008
ISSN: 1342-937X
Projects: VITIAZ
Expeditions/Models/Experiments:
Date Deposited: 02 Apr 2019 10:31
Last Modified: 25 Jul 2019 14:38
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/46263

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