RV SONNE Fahrtbericht / Cruise Report SO267: ARCHIMEDES I: Arc Rifting, Metallogeny and Microplate Evolution – an Integrated Geodynamic, Magmatic and Hydrothermal Study of the Fonualei Rift System, NE Lau Basin, Suva (Fiji) – Suva (Fiji), 11.12.2018 – 26.01.2019 .

Hannington, Mark D., Kopp, Heidrun and Schnabel, Michael (2019) RV SONNE Fahrtbericht / Cruise Report SO267: ARCHIMEDES I: Arc Rifting, Metallogeny and Microplate Evolution – an Integrated Geodynamic, Magmatic and Hydrothermal Study of the Fonualei Rift System, NE Lau Basin, Suva (Fiji) – Suva (Fiji), 11.12.2018 – 26.01.2019 . Open Access . GEOMAR Report, N. Ser. 049 . GEOMAR Helmholtz-Zentrum für Ozeanforschung Kiel, Kiel, Germany, 49 + Appendices pp. DOI 10.3289/GEOMAR_REP_NS_49_2019.

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Abstract

Summary in English

Over half of the world´s presently exploited metal deposits were formed during major episodes of crustal growth related to subduction and microplate tectonics. These processes are observed today along the entire margin of the Western Pacific, where complex microplate mosaics offer unique opportunities to study accretion and the emergence of new continental crust. The focus of SO267 was a series of crustal cross-sections at the outer edge of the IndoAustralian Plate, in the largely uncharted waters of the Kingdom of Tonga. The project, entitled “Arc Rifting, Metallogeny and Microplate Evolution – An Integrated Geodynamic, Magmatic and Hydrothermal Study of the Fonualei Rift System”, was designed to document the geological evolution of an emerging microplate mosaic in the NE Lau Basin, a region with some of the fastest growing crust on Earth, and to better understand the sequence of events that cause arc rifting and related magmatic-hydrothermal activity. Using a coordinated approach of high-resolution 2D seismics, electromagnetics and sampling, ARCHIMEDES I imaged the deep structure of the Fonualei Rift system and adjoining back-arc crust of the Niuafo’ou microplate. The goal was to address a major unsolved question concerning crustal growth in complex arc-backarc systems: at what stage in the structural and thermal evolution of the crust does arc rifting occur and seafloor spreading initiate? Planned operations included large-scale reflection and refraction seismic surveys, and a dense program of gravity, magnetics, heat flow, bathymetric mapping and sidescan imaging using the AUV ABYSS and ship-based multibeam systems. This ambitious program was made possible by a close collaboration between GEOMAR and BGR scientists, bringing together diverse expertise and state-of-the-art technologies. To understand the large-scale tectonic processes, we studied 6 different locations within an area of 300 km x 300 km: i) the southern Fonualei Rift Spreading Center (S-FRSC), ii) the region between the S-FRSC and the Eastern Lau Spreading Center (FRSC-ELSC Transfer Zone), iii) the northern tip of the Eastern Lau Spreading Center (ELSC), iv) the northern tip of the Fonualei Rift system (N-FRSC), v) the Mangatolu Triple Junction (MTJ), and vi) the southward propagating Northeast Lau Spreading centre (NELSC). The combined data represent one of the most comprehensive records of microplate formation from the modern oceans.

Document Type: Report (Cruise Report)
Additional Information: GEOMAR - BGR
Keywords: RV Sonne, SO267, cruise report, ARCHIMEDES I, arc rifting, metallogeny, microplate evolution, Fonualei Rift System, NE Lau Basin
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB4 Dynamics of the Ocean Floor > FB4-MUHS Magmatic and Hydrothermal Systems > Marine Mineralische Rohstoffe
OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB4 Dynamics of the Ocean Floor > FB4-GDY Marine Geodynamics
OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB4 Dynamics of the Ocean Floor > FB4-MUHS Magmatic and Hydrothermal Systems
DOI etc.: 10.3289/GEOMAR_REP_NS_49_2019
ISSN: 2193-8113
Expeditions/Models/Experiments:
Date Deposited: 03 Apr 2019 09:34
Last Modified: 03 Apr 2019 10:12
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/46275

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