Spinifex basalts with komatiite-tholeiite trend from the Nansen-Gakkel Ridge (Arctic Ocean).

Mühe, R. K., Bohrmann, H., Hörmann, P. K., Thiede, Jörn and Stoffers, P. (1991) Spinifex basalts with komatiite-tholeiite trend from the Nansen-Gakkel Ridge (Arctic Ocean). Tectonophysics, 190 (1). pp. 95-108. DOI 10.1016/0040-1951(91)90356-W.

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Abstract

During cruise ARK IV/3 with RV Polarstern (1987) volcanic rocks were recovered from the Nansen-Gakkel Ridge (NGR), a slow spreading (half rate approximately 0.5 cm) ridge with an axial depth of more than 5000 m. The NGR is one of the slowest and deepest mid-ocean ridges so far known and calculations based on the distance of sampling location from the axial valley yielded ages of approximately 600 ka for the rocks investigated here.

According to petrographic and geochemical results i.e. spinifex textures, mg > 70 and MgO > 9 wt.%, the volcanics are termed komatiitic basalts. Dark spherical droplets of basanitic composition within the komatiitic basalts are believed to be relicts of an incomplete magma-mixing whose basanitic end-member could well account for the enriched character of the NGR basalts in terms of rare earth elements, Ti and incompatible trace elements.

Based on Nd-isotope as well as high Sm/Nd ratios, mantle metasomatism (i.e. veined-mantle model) could be responsible for the enrichment of incompatible trace elements in the source region of komatiitic basalts of the NGR.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Spinifex basalts, Nansen-Gakkel Ridge, Arctic Ocean
Research affiliation: Kiel University
OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB1 Ocean Circulation and Climate Dynamics > FB1-P-OZ Paleo-Oceanography
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1016/0040-1951(91)90356-W
ISSN: 0040-1951
Expeditions/Models/Experiments:
Date Deposited: 08 May 2019 13:32
Last Modified: 23 Sep 2019 19:45
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/46648

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