Glacial/interglacial Cycles in the Norwegian Sea: Sedimentology, Paleoceanography, and Evolution of Late Pliocene to Quaternary Northern Hemisphere Climate .

Henrich, Rüdiger (1989) Glacial/interglacial Cycles in the Norwegian Sea: Sedimentology, Paleoceanography, and Evolution of Late Pliocene to Quaternary Northern Hemisphere Climate . Open Access Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program: Scientific Results, 104 . pp. 189-232. DOI 10.2973/odp.proc.sr.104.116.1989.

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Abstract

The long-term record of glacial/interglacial cycles indicates three major paleoceanographic regimes in the Norwegian Sea. The period since the first major glaciation over Scandinavia at 2.56 Ma is characterized by high-frequency, low-amplitude oscillations of ice-rafted debris inputs, a lowered salinity, and decreased carbonate shell production in surface waters as well as overall strong carbonate dissolution at the sea floor. These conditions indicate a more zonal circulation pattern in the Northern Hemisphere and a relative isolation of surface and bottom waters in the Norwegian Sea. The generally temperate glacial climate was only interrupted by episodic weak intrusions of warm Atlantic waters. These intrusions have been detected in considerable magnitude only at Site 644, and thus are restricted to areas much closer to the Norwegian shelf than during earlier periods. The interval from 1.2 to 0.6 Ma is characterized by an increase in carbonate shell production and a better preservation, as well as a change in frequency patterns of ice-rafted debris inputs. This pattern reflects increasing meridionality in circulation-strengthening contrasts in the Norwegian Sea between strong glaciations and warm interglacials. The past 0.6 Ma reveal high-amplitude oscillations in carbonate records that are dominated by the 100-k.y. frequency pattern. Glacial/interglacial sedimentary cycles in the ODP Leg 104 drill sites reveal a variety of specific dark lithofacies. These dark diamictons reflect intense iceberg rafting in surface waters fed by surges along the front of marine-based parts of the continental ice sheets in the southeastern sector of the Norwegian Sea and are associated with resuspension of reworked fossil organic carbon and strong dissolution at the sea floor. Piling up of huge iceberg barriers along the Iceland-Faeroe-Scotland Ridge might have partially blocked off surface water connections with the North Atlantic during these periods.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: glacial cycles, Norwegian Sea, Quaternary, Late Pliocene, ODP Leg 104
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB1 Ocean Circulation and Climate Dynamics > FB1-P-OZ Paleo-Oceanography
Refereed: No
Open Access Journal?: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.2973/odp.proc.sr.104.116.1989
ISSN: 1096-7451
Projects: ODP
Date Deposited: 13 May 2019 12:50
Last Modified: 14 May 2019 12:11
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/46700

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