Oxygen and Carbon Isotope Stratigraphy and Magnetostratigraphy of the Last 2.8 Ma: Paleoclimatic Comparisons between the Norwegian Sea and the North Atlantic .

Jansen, E., Slettemark, B., Bleil, U., Henrich, Rüdiger, Kringstad, L. and Rolfsen, S. (1989) Oxygen and Carbon Isotope Stratigraphy and Magnetostratigraphy of the Last 2.8 Ma: Paleoclimatic Comparisons between the Norwegian Sea and the North Atlantic . Open Access Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program: Scientific Results, 104 . pp. 255-269. DOI 10.2973/odp.proc.sr.104.183.1989.

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Abstract

Continuous sediment sections spanning the last 2.8 Ma have been studied using stable isotope stratigraphy and sedimentological methods. By using paleomagnetic reversals as a chronostratigraphic tool, climatic and paleoceanographic changes have been placed in a time framework. The results show that the major expansion of the Scandinavian Ice Sheet to the coastal areas occurred in the late Neogene period at about 2.8 Ma. Relatively high-amplitude glacials appeared until about 2 Ma. The period between 2.8 and 1.2 Ma was marked by cold surface water conditions with only weak influx of temperate Atlantic water as compared with late Quaternary interglacials. During this period, climatic variations were smaller in amplitude than in the late Quaternary. The Norwegian Sea was a sink of deep water throughout the studied period but deep water ventilation was reduced and calcite dissolution was high compared with the Holocene. Deep water formed by other processes than today. Between 2 and 1.2 Ma, glaciations in Scandinavia were relatively small. A transition toward larger glacials took place during the period 1.2 to 0.6 Ma, corresponding with warmer interglacials and increasing influx of temperate surface water during interglacials. A strong thermal gradient was present between the Norwegian Sea and the northeastern Atlantic during the Matuyama (2.5-0.7 Ma). This is interpreted as a sign of a more zonal and less meridional climatic system over the region as compared with the present situation. The transition towards more meridionality took place over several hundred thousand yr. Only during the last 0.6 Ma has the oceanographic and climatic system of the Norwegian Sea varied in the manner described from previous studies of the late Quaternary.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: ODP Leg 104, oxygen carbon isotope stratigraphy, magnetostratigraphy, Norwegian Sea
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB1 Ocean Circulation and Climate Dynamics > FB1-P-OZ Paleo-Oceanography
Refereed: No
Open Access Journal?: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.2973/odp.proc.sr.104.183.1989
ISSN: 1096-7451
Projects: ODP
Date Deposited: 13 May 2019 13:43
Last Modified: 14 May 2019 12:09
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/46703

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