Drivers and Surface Signal of Interannual Variability of Boreal Stratospheric Final Warmings.

Thiéblemont, R. , Ayarzagüena, B. , Matthes, Katja , Bekki, S., Abalichin, J. and Langematz, U. (2019) Drivers and Surface Signal of Interannual Variability of Boreal Stratospheric Final Warmings. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 124 (10). pp. 5400-5417. DOI 10.1029/2018JD029852.

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Supplementary data:


Springtime stratospheric final warming (SFW) variability has been suggested to be linked to the tropospheric circulation, particularly over the North Atlantic sector. These findings, however, are based on reanalysis data that cover a rather short period of time (1979 to present). The present work aims to improve the understanding of drivers, trends and surface impact of dynamical variability of boreal SFWs using chemistry‐climate models. We use multidecadal integrations of the fully coupled chemistry‐climate models Community Earth System Model version 1 (Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model) and ECHAM/Modular Earth Submodel System Atmospheric Chemistry‐O. Four sensitivity experiments are analyzed to assess the impact of external factors; namely, the quasi‐biennial oscillation, sea surface temperature (SST) variability, and anthropogenic emissions. SFWs are classified into two types with respect to their vertical development; that is, events which occur first in the midstratosphere (10‐hPa first SFWs) or first in the upper stratosphere (1‐hPa first SFWs). Our results confirm previous reanalysis results regarding the differences in the time evolution of stratospheric conditions and near‐surface circulation between 10 and 1‐hPa first SFWs. Additionally, a tripolar SST pattern is, for the first time, identified over the North Atlantic in spring months related to the SFW variability. Our analysis of the influence of remote modulators on SFWs revealed that the occurrence of major warmings in the previous winter favors the occurrence of 10‐hPa first SFWs later on. We further found that quasi‐biennial oscillation and SST variability significantly affect the ratio between 1‐hPa first and 10‐hPa first SFWs. Finally, our results suggest that ozone recovery may impact the timing of the occurrence of 1‐hPa first SFWs.

Document Type: Article
Funder compliance: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/FP7/603557
Keywords: stratosphere; stratosphere‐troposphere coupling; polar vortex; ozone; dynamics; modeling
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB1 Ocean Circulation and Climate Dynamics > FB1-ME Maritime Meteorology
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1029/2018JD029852
ISSN: 2169-8996
Related URLs:
Date Deposited: 14 Jun 2019 06:43
Last Modified: 14 Jun 2019 06:43

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