Loss of fixed nitrogen causes net oxygen gain in a warmer future ocean.

Oschlies, Andreas , Koeve, Wolfgang , Landolfi, Angela and Kähler, Paul (2019) Loss of fixed nitrogen causes net oxygen gain in a warmer future ocean. Open Access Nature Communications, 10 (1). Art.Nr. 2805. DOI 10.1038/s41467-019-10813-w.

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Abstract

Oceanic anoxic events have been associated with warm climates in Earth history, and there are concerns that current ocean deoxygenation may eventually lead to anoxia. Here we show results of a multi-millennial global-warming simulation that reveal, after a transitory deoxygenation, a marine oxygen inventory 6% higher than preindustrial despite an average 3 °C ocean warming. An interior-ocean oxygen source unaccounted for in previous studies explains two thirds of the oxygen excess reached after a few thousand years. It results from enhanced denitrification replacing part of today’s ocean’s aerobic respiration in expanding oxygen-deficient regions: The resulting loss of fixed nitrogen is equivalent to an oceanic oxygen gain and depends on an incomplete compensation of denitrification by nitrogen fixation. Elevated total oxygen in a warmer ocean with larger oxygen-deficient regions poses a new challenge for explaining global oceanic anoxic events and calls for an improved understanding of environmental controls on nitrogen fixation.

Document Type: Article
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB2 Marine Biogeochemistry > FB2-BM Biogeochemical Modeling
OceanRep > SFB 754
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.1038/s41467-019-10813-w
ISSN: 2041-1723
Related URLs:
Projects: SFB754, Opendap
Date Deposited: 02 Jul 2019 07:43
Last Modified: 10 Jul 2019 10:06
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/47063

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