Dynamic Coupling of Near-Field and Far-Field Models.

Vaz, Ana C., Paris, Claire B., Dissanayake, Anusha L., Socolofsky, Scott A., Gros, Jonas and Boufadel, Michel C. (2019) Dynamic Coupling of Near-Field and Far-Field Models. In: Deep Oil Spills: Facts, Fate, and Effects. , ed. by Murawski, Steven A., Ainsworth, Cameron H., Gilbert, Sherryl, Hollander, David J., Paris, Claire B., Schlüter, Michael and Wetzel, Dana L.. Springer, Cham, Switzerland, pp. 139-154. ISBN 978-3-030-11604-0 DOI 10.1007/978-3-030-11605-7_9.

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Abstract

Deepwater spills pose a unique challenge for reliable predictions of oil transport and fate, since live oil spewing under very high hydrostatic pressure has characteristics remarkably distinct from oil spilling in shallow water. It is thus important to describe in detail the complex thermodynamic processes occurring in the near-field, meters above the wellhead, and the hydrodynamic processes in the far-field, up to kilometers away. However, these processes are typically modeled separately since they occur at different scales. Here we directly couple two oil prediction applications developed during the Deepwater Horizon blowout operating at different scales: the near-field Texas A&M Oilspill Calculator (TAMOC) and the far-field oil application of the Connectivity Modeling System (oil-CMS). To achieve this coupling, new oil-CMS modules were developed to read TAMOC output, which consists of the description of distinct oil droplet “types,” each of specific size and pseudo-component mixture that enters at a given mass flow rate, time, and position into the far field. These variables are transformed for use in the individual-based framework of CMS, where each droplet type fits into a droplet size distribution (DSD). Here we used 19 pseudo-components representing a large range of hydrocarbon compounds and their respective thermodynamic properties. Simulation results show that the dispersion pathway of the different droplet types varies significantly. Indeed, some droplet types remain suspended in the subsea over months, while others accumulate in the surface layers. In addition, the decay rate of oil pseudo-components significantly alters the dispersion, denoting the importance of more biodegradation and dissolution studies of chemically and naturally dispersed live oil at high pressure. This new modeling tool shows the potential for improved accuracy in predictions of oil partition in the water column and of advancing impact assessment and response during a deepwater spill.

Document Type: Book chapter
Keywords: Far-field model Near-field model Coupling Deepwater well blowout, Coupled near-field and far-field models, Oil transport prediction, Model parameterization
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB2 Marine Biogeochemistry > FB2-MG Marine Geosystems
DOI etc.: 10.1007/978-3-030-11605-7_9
Projects: C-IMAGE
Date Deposited: 02 Jul 2019 13:16
Last Modified: 07 Aug 2019 08:25
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/47083

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