Seep-bubble characteristics and gas flow rates from a shallow-water, highdensity seep field on the shelf-to-slope transition of the Hikurangi subduction margin.

Higgs, B., Mountjoy, J. J., Crutchley, Gareth J., Townend, J., Landroit, Y., Greinert, Jens and McGovern, C. (2019) Seep-bubble characteristics and gas flow rates from a shallow-water, highdensity seep field on the shelf-to-slope transition of the Hikurangi subduction margin. Marine Geology, 417 . p. 105985. DOI 10.1016/j.margeo.2019.105985.

[img] Text
Higgs.pdf - Published Version
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (4Mb) | Contact

Supplementary data:

Abstract

Highlights

• We report on methane seeps found at shallow depths on New Zealand's Hikurangi Margin.
• Tools have been applied to measure bubble characteristics from video footage and to estimate the gas flow rate using acoustic data.
• We estimate that the entire Tuaheni seep field produces somewhere in the range of 30–2415 t of methane per year.
• The density of seeps at this location is far greater than anything else observed on the Hikurangi Margin.

Abstract

We analyse an area of high density submarine methane gas seeps situated on the shelf to slope transition (130–420 m water depth) on the northern region of New Zealand's Hikurangi margin, off Poverty Bay. Multibeam and singlebeam echo sounder data collected in 2014 and 2015 revealed >600 seeps, at much greater density than any previously mapped areas of seepage on the Hikurangi margin. To broadly constrain the output of methane from these seeps, we have estimated the flow of methane at individual seeps, utilising perspective-measurements applied to still frames from a deep towed camera system to measure the dimensions of rising bubbles. We combine bubble size and rise-rate distributions with singlebeam acoustic data to estimate gas flow rates at six selected seeps sites. Our results predict a wide range (3.0–2249 mL/min) of methane release into the water column. If we assume that the six seeps we analysed are representative of the entire seep population, and that gas flow is constant, we can extrapolate across the seep field and infer a gas release of 30 to 2415 t of methane per year into the ocean.

Document Type: Article
Additional Information: The Matlab code used here can be from Pangea (https://doi. pangaea.de/10.1594/PANGAEA.904138)
Keywords: Gas seeps, Acoustic flare, Hikurangi margin, Methane emissions, Measuring seep bubbles, RV Tangaroa, TAN1404, TAN1505
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB2 Marine Biogeochemistry > FB2-MG Marine Geosystems
OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB2 Marine Biogeochemistry > FB2-MG Marine Geosystems > DeepSea Monitoring
OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB4 Dynamics of the Ocean Floor > FB4-GDY Marine Geodynamics
Kiel University
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1016/j.margeo.2019.105985
ISSN: 0025-3227
Related URLs:
Date Deposited: 26 Aug 2019 12:37
Last Modified: 26 Aug 2019 12:37
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/47543

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Document Downloads

More statistics for this item...