Characterization of a novel autonomous analyzer for seawater total alkalinity: Results from laboratory and field tests.

Seelmann, Katharina , Aßmann, Steffen and Körtzinger, Arne (2019) Characterization of a novel autonomous analyzer for seawater total alkalinity: Results from laboratory and field tests. Open Access Limnology and Oceanography: Methods, 17 (10). pp. 515-532. DOI 10.1002/lom3.10329.

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Abstract

High‐quality seawater total alkalinity (AT) measurements are essential for reliable ocean carbon and acidification observations. Well‐established manual multipoint potentiometric titration methods already fulfill these requirements. The next step in the improvement of these observations is the increase of the spatial and temporal measuring resolution with minimal personnel and instrumental effort. For this, a rapid, automated underway analyzer meeting the same high requirements as the traditional method is necessary. In this study, we carried out a comprehensive characterization of the flow‐through analyzer CONTROS HydroFIA® TA (Kongsberg Maritime Contros GmbH, Kiel, Germany) for automated seawater AT measurements in the laboratory and in field with overall more than 5000 measurements. Under laboratory conditions, the analyzer featured a precision of ± 1.5 μmol kg−1 and an accuracy of ± 1.0 μmol kg−1, combined in an uncertainty of 1.6 – 2.0 μmol kg−1. High precision (± 1.1 μmol kg−1) and accuracy (−0.3 ± 2.8 μmol kg−1), and low uncertainty (2.0 – 2.5 μmol kg−1) were also achieved during field trials of 4 and 6 weeks duration. Although a linear drift appears to be the typical behavior of the system, this can be corrected for by regular reference measurements giving consistent measurement results. Another advantage of regular reference measurements is the early detection of any kind of malfunction due to its direct impact on the measurement performance. Based on the present study, recommendations for automated long‐term deployments are provided in order to gain optimal performance characteristics, aiming at the requirements for AT measurements.

Document Type: Article
Funder compliance: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/H2020/633211
Keywords: total alkalinity, autonomous measurements, marine carbonate system, new analyzer, test, characterization
Dewey Decimal Classification: 500 Natural Sciences and Mathematics > 540 Chemistry & allied sciences
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB2 Marine Biogeochemistry > FB2-CH Chemical Oceanography
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.1002/lom3.10329
ISSN: 1541-5856
Projects: AtlantOS
Expeditions/Models/Experiments:
Date Deposited: 02 Sep 2019 08:43
Last Modified: 16 Oct 2019 09:02
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/47569

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