Interannual variability of deep convection in the northwestern Mediterrean.

Mertens, Christian and Schott, Friedrich (1998) Interannual variability of deep convection in the northwestern Mediterrean. Open Access Journal of Physical Oceanography, 28 . pp. 1410-1424. DOI 10.1175/1520-0485(1998)028<1410:IVODWF>2.0.CO;2.

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Abstract

In the Gulf of Lions, observations of deep convection have been sporadically carried out over the past three decades, showing significant interannual variability of convection activity. As long time series of meteorological observations of the region are available from coastal stations, heat flux time series for the Gulf of Lions for the individual winters from 1969 to 1994 are derived by calibrating these observations against direct measurements obtained over the convection site. These heat fluxes are also compared against heat fluxes obtained by the French PERIDOT weather model for the winter of 1991/92. A Kraus–Turner one-dimensional mixed layer model is initialized by climatological mean temperature and salinity profiles and then driven by the heat flux time series of the individual years. Resulting convection depths are in satisfactory agreement with existing observational evidence, showing the dominance of interannual variability of local forcing on convection variability. The interannual variability of convection depth causes interannual variations in deep-water properties, and these are also compared with the hydrographic database.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: SEA-SURFACE; HEAT-FLUX; CONVECTION; OCEAN; TEMPERATURE; RADIATION; SALINITY; BUDGET
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB1 Ocean Circulation and Climate Dynamics > FB1-PO Physical Oceanography
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1175/1520-0485(1998)028<1410:IVODWF>2.0.CO;2
ISSN: 0022-3670
Projects: MAST
Date Deposited: 18 Feb 2008 17:24
Last Modified: 06 Apr 2018 08:58
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/4840

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