Nitrogen fixation and growth rates of Trichodesmium IMS-101 as a function of light intensity .

Breitbarth, Eike, Wohlers, Julia, Kläs, Jessica, LaRoche, Julie and Peeken, Ilka (2008) Nitrogen fixation and growth rates of Trichodesmium IMS-101 as a function of light intensity . Open Access Marine Ecology Progress Series, 359 . pp. 25-36. DOI 10.3354/meps07241.

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Abstract

The diazotrophic cyanobacterium Trichodesmium is a significant contributor to marine nitrogen and carbon cycles and has been incorporated in biogeochemical ocean circulation models. To date, parameterization of light as a controlling factor for nitrogen fixation has been based on field observations, where factors other than light also affect Trichodesmium physiology. Here we present data on light-dependent (15 to 1100 µmol quanta m–2 s–1) diazotrophic growth from controlled laboratory experiments and their implications for modeling approaches. We supply a simple empirical model to describe nitrogen fixation by Trichodesmium in batch cultures. Diazotrophic growth of axenic Trichodesmium IMS-101 was light saturated at 180 µmol quanta m–2 s–1 and did not vary significantly at higher photon irradiances up to 1100 µmol quanta m–2 s–1 (μcarbon based ≈ 0.26 d–1). Chlorophyll a (chl a) normalized N2 fixation rates were significantly affected by light intensity during mid-exponential growth (0.74 to 4.45 mol N fixed mol chl a–1 h–1) over the range of photon irradiances tested. In contrast, nitrogen fixation rates normalized to the cellular carbon content were relatively unaffected by light intensity (0.42 to 0.59, averaging 0.5 mmol N mol particulate organic carbon [POC]–1 h–1). Trichodesmium carbon biomass can be used to estimate the nitrogen input by this diazotroph into the ocean; the maximum input rate is 350 nmol N fixed l–1 h–1.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Biogeochemistry; Trichodesmium; Light; Nitrogen fixation; Marine nitrogen cycle; Marine carbon cycle; Marine cyanobacteria; Diazotrophic growth
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB2 Marine Biogeochemistry > FB2-CH Chemical Oceanography
OceanRep > The Future Ocean - Cluster of Excellence
OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB2 Marine Biogeochemistry > FB2-BI Biological Oceanography
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.3354/meps07241
ISSN: 0171-8630
Projects: Future Ocean, IRONAGES
Date Deposited: 07 Jan 2009 12:16
Last Modified: 01 Jun 2018 08:26
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/4903

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