Identification of Icelandic tephras from the last two millennia in the White Sea region (Vodoprovodnoe peat bog, northwestern Russia).

Vakhrameeva, Polina , Portnyagin, Maxim , Ponomareva, Vera, Abbott, Peter M. , Repkina, Tatiana, Novikova, Anna, Koutsodendris, Andreas and Pross, Jörg (2020) Identification of Icelandic tephras from the last two millennia in the White Sea region (Vodoprovodnoe peat bog, northwestern Russia). Journal of Quaternary Science, 35 (4). pp. 493-504. DOI 10.1002/jqs.3190.

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Supplementary data:

Abstract

The generation of reliable age models for palaeoenvironmental and archaeological records in the Eurasian Arctic is often problematic when using conventional dating techniques. Tephrochronology can potentially improve the chronologies of such records and synchronise disparate sedimentary archives. However, to date, systematic tephra studies are lacking for this region. This paper presents the first cryptotephra data from the White Sea region (northwestern Russia) based on a peat core spanning the past ~1800 years. We identify seven geochemical glass populations that derive from six Icelandic volcanoes and correlate four of them to north European tephra isochrons; these include Askja ad 1875, the basaltic component of the ad 877 Landnám tephra, and tephras BTD‐15 (c. ad 1750–1650) and SL‐2/SB‐2 (ad 803–767) from unknown eruptions of Katla and Snæfellsjökull, respectively. The remaining three populations originate from Grímsvötn, Hekla and Katla; however, their attribution to individual eruptions remains ambiguous. These findings highlight the potential to extend the Late Holocene tephrochronological framework of northern Europe to the west Eurasian Arctic. The detection of at least three basaltic tephras in the core suggests that basaltic shards can be transported over larger distances than previously known and that peatlands are well suited to preserve such components.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Icelandic cryptotephras; Late Holocene; peat bog; Russia; tephrostratigraphy of northern Europe
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB4 Dynamics of the Ocean Floor > FB4-MUHS
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1002/jqs.3190
ISSN: 0267-8179
Projects: Otto Schmidt Laboratory
Date Deposited: 26 Feb 2020 13:02
Last Modified: 05 May 2020 11:49
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/49058

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