From gravity cores to overpressure history: the importance of measured sediment physical properties in hydrogeological models.

Mencaroni, Davide , Llopart, Jaume , Urgeles, Roger , Lafuerza, Sara, Gràcia, Eulàlia , Le Friant, Anne and Urlaub, Morelia (2020) From gravity cores to overpressure history: the importance of measured sediment physical properties in hydrogeological models. In: Subaqueous Mass Movements and their Consequences: Advances in Process Understanding, Monitoring and Hazard Assessments. , ed. by Georgiopoulou, A.. Special Publications Geological Society London, 500 . GSL (Geological Society of London), London, N.N.. DOI 10.1144/SP500-2019-176.

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The development of overpressure in continental margins is typically evaluated with hydrogeological models. Such approaches are used to both identify fluid flow patterns and to evaluate the development of high pore pressures within layers with particular physical properties that may promote slope instability. In some instances, these models are defined with sediment properties based on facies characterization and proxy values of porosity, permeability or compressibility are derived from the existing literature as direct measurements are rarely available. This study uses finite-element models to quantify the differences in computed overpressure generated by fine-grained hemipelagic sediments from Gulf of Cadiz, offshore Martinique and Gulf of Mexico, and their consequences in terms of submarine slope stability. By comparing our simulation results with in-situ pore pressure data measured in the Gulf of Mexico, we demonstrated that physical properties measured on volcanic-influenced hemipelagic sediments underestimate the computed stability of a submarine slope. Physical properties measured on sediments from the study area are key to improving the reliability and accuracy of overpressure models, and when that information is not available literature data from samples with similar lithologies, composition and depositional settings enable better assessment of the overpressure role as a pre-conditioning factor in submarine landslide initiation.

Document Type: Book chapter
Keywords: gravity cores, overpressure, sediment physical properties, hydrogeological models
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB4 Dynamics of the Ocean Floor > FB4-GDY Marine Geodynamics
DOI etc.: 10.1144/SP500-2019-176
ISSN: 0305-8719
Date Deposited: 25 Mar 2020 10:45
Last Modified: 25 Mar 2020 11:10

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