Retrieval of Wintertime Sea Ice Production in Arctic Polynyas Using Thermal Infrared and Passive Microwave Remote Sensing Data.

Preußer, Andreas , Ohshima, Kay I. , Iwamoto, Katsushi , Willmes, Sascha and Heinemann, Günther (2019) Retrieval of Wintertime Sea Ice Production in Arctic Polynyas Using Thermal Infrared and Passive Microwave Remote Sensing Data. Open Access Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 124 (8). pp. 5503-5528. DOI 10.1029/2019JC014976.

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Abstract

Precise knowledge of wintertime sea ice production in Arctic polynyas is not only required to enhance our understanding of atmosphere‐sea ice‐ocean interactions but also to verify frequently utilized climate and ocean models. Here, a high‐resolution (2‐km) Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) thermal infrared satellite data set featuring spatial and temporal characteristics of 17 Arctic polynya regions for the winter seasons 2002/2003 to 2017/2018 is directly compared to an akin low‐resolution Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer‐EOS (AMSR‐E) passive microwave data set for 2002/2003 to 2010/2011. The MODIS data set is purely based on a 1‐D energy‐balance model, where thin‐ice thicknesses (≤ 20 cm) are directly derived from ice‐surface temperature swath data and European Centre for Medium‐Range Weather Forecasts Re‐Analysis‐Interim atmospheric reanalysis data on a quasi‐daily basis. Thin‐ice thicknesses in the AMSR‐E data set are derived empirically. Important polynya properties such as areal extent and potential thermodynamic ice production can be estimated from both pan‐Arctic data sets. Although independently derived, our results show that both data sets feature quite similar spatial and temporal variations of polynya area (POLA) and ice production (IP), which suggests a high reliability. The average POLA (average accumulated IP) for all Arctic polynyas combined derived from both MODIS and AMSR‐E are 1.99×105 km2 (1.34×103 km3) and 2.29×105 km2 (1.31×103 km3), respectively. Narrow polynyas in areas such as the Canadian Arctic Archipelago are notably better resolved by MODIS. Analysis of 16 winter seasons provides an evaluation of long‐term trends in POLA and IP, revealing the significant increase of ice formation in polynyas along the Siberian coast.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: sea ice production, Arctic polynyas, thermal infrared, passive microwave remote sensing data
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1029/2019JC014976
ISSN: 2169-9275
Projects: CATS
Date Deposited: 20 Mar 2020 14:03
Last Modified: 20 Mar 2020 14:03
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/49218

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