Effect of food concentration and type of diet on Acartia survival and naupliar development.

Ismar, Stefanie M. H., Hansen, Thomas and Sommer, Ulrich (2008) Effect of food concentration and type of diet on Acartia survival and naupliar development. Marine Biology, 154 . pp. 335-343. DOI 10.1007/s00227-008-0928-9.

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Abstract

We have performed life table experiments to investigate the effects of different food types and concentrations on the larval development and survival up to adulthood of Acartia tonsa. The food species offered comprised a wide taxonomic spectrum: the pigmented flagellates Isochrysis galbana, Emiliania huxleyi, Rhodomonas sp., Prorocentrum minimum, the diatom Thalassiosira weissflogii, grown on medium offering enriched macronutrient concentrations and the ciliate Euplotes sp. initially cultured on Rhodomonas. For the ciliate species, also the functional response was studied. In order to avoid limitation by mineral nutrients, food algae have been taken from the exponential growth phase of the nutrient replete cultures. The suitability of Rhodomonas as a food source throughout the entire life cycle was not a surprise. However, in contrast to much of the recent literature about the inadequacy or even toxicity of diatoms, we found that also Thalassiosira could support Acartia-development through the entire life cycle. On the other hand, Acartia could not complete its life cycle when fed with the other food items, Prorocentrum having adverse effects even when mixed with Rhodomonas and Thalassiosira. Isochrysis well supported naupliar survival and development, but was insufficient to support further development until reproduction. With Emiliania and Euplotes, nauplii died off before most of them could reach the first copepodite stages. Acartia-nauplii showed a behavioral preference for Euplotes-feeding over diatom feeding, but nevertheless Euplotes was an insufficient diet to complete development beyond the naupliar stages.

Document Type: Article
Additional Information: WOS:000254751400014
Keywords: CALANUS-HELGOLANDICUS; EGG-PRODUCTION; COPEPOD REPRODUCTION; HATCHING SUCCESS; FEEDING-BEHAVIOR; DIATOM BLOOMS; TONSA DANA; ALGAL DIET; PHYTOPLANKTON; GROWTH
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB3 Marine Ecology > FB3-EOE-N Experimental Ecology - Food Webs
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1007/s00227-008-0928-9
ISSN: 0025-3162
Projects: GLOBEC, Future Ocean
Date Deposited: 03 Dec 2008 16:50
Last Modified: 07 Jun 2018 12:30
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/4933

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