Abiotic conditions in cephalopod (Sepia officinalis) eggs: embryonic development at low pH and high pCO2
Gutowska, Magdalena and Melzner, Frank (2009) Abiotic conditions in cephalopod (Sepia officinalis) eggs: embryonic development at low pH and high pCO2 Marine Biology, 156 . pp. 515-519. DOI 10.1007/s00227-008-1096-7.
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Low pO(2) values have been measured in the perivitelline fluids (PVF) of marine animal eggs on several occasions, especially towards the end of development, when embryonic oxygen consumption is at its peak and the egg case acts as a massive barrier to diffusion. Several authors have therefore suggested that oxygen availability is the key factor leading to hatching. However, there have been no measurements of PVF pCO(2) so far. This is surprising, as elevated pCO(2) could also constitute a major abiotic stressor for the developing embryo. As a first attempt to fill this gap in knowledge, we measured pO(2), pCO(2) and pH in the PVF of late cephalopod (Sepia officinalis) eggs. We found linear relationships between embryo wet mass and pO(2), pCO(2) and pH. pO(2) declined from > 12 kPa to less than 5 kPa, while pCO(2) increased from 0.13 to 0.41 kPa. In the absence of active accumulation of bicarbonate in the PVF, pH decreased from 7.7 to 7.2. Our study supports the idea that oxygen becomes limiting in cephalopod eggs towards the end of development; however, pCO(2) and pH shift to levels that have caused significant physiological disturbances in other marine ectothermic animals. Future research needs to address the physiological adaptations that enable the embryo to cope with the adverse abiotic conditions in their egg environment.
|Keywords:||embryonic development, gas exchange, pCO2, pO2, perivitelline fluid; INORGANIC CARBON; AMPHIBIAN EGGS; RESPIRATION; OXYGEN; ACID; MASSES; TRANSPORT; CALCIFICATION; DISSOCIATION; METABOLISM|
|Research affiliation:||OceanRep > The Future Ocean - Cluster of Excellence
OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB2 Marine Biogeochemistry > FB2-JRG-A1 Ocean Acidification
OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB3 Marine Ecology > FB3-EOE-B Experimental Ecology - Benthic Ecology
|Projects:||BIOACID, Future Ocean|
|Date Deposited:||26 Nov 2009 10:40|
|Last Modified:||05 May 2014 10:52|
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