Systems tracts sedimentology in the lagoon of Mayotte associated with the Holocene transgression.

Zinke, Jens, Reijmer, John and Thomassin, B.A. (2003) Systems tracts sedimentology in the lagoon of Mayotte associated with the Holocene transgression. Sedimentary Geology, 160 . pp. 57-79. DOI 10.1016/S0037-0738(02)00336-6.

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Twelve gravity cores from various settings within the Mayotte barrier reef–lagoon complex were studied to determine the sedimentology of the sequence stratigraphic systems tracts that formed during the Holocene transgression. Our studies focussed on the determination of physical, chemical, mineralogical and biological parameters of the sediments from specific systems tracts. These parameters determine the thickness and facies of each systems tracts and are controlled by the rate and amplitude of sea-level rise, lagoonal topography and environmental changes. The lowstand systems tract (LST) (before 11.5 ka BP) comprises ferralitic or organic-rich paleosoils in the proximal and middle lagoon and karstified Pleistocene reefal carbonates in the distal lagoon. The transgressive systems tract (TST) (11.5–7 ka BP) consists of a lower terrigenous and an upper mixed terrigenous–carbonate or carbonate-dominated unit. Locally, mangrove muds were deposited. The highstand systems tract (HST) can be divided into an early highstand (eHST) (7–1 ka BP) and a late highstand systems tract (lHST) (after 1 ka BP). In the proximal lagoonal wedge, the early highstand systems tract consists of terrigenous or mixed terrigenous–carbonate muds to sandy muds. In the middle lagoon, it shows carbonate mud to sandy mud and carbonate gravel to reefal carbonates in the distal lagoons. Terrigenous muds dominate the late highstand systems tract in the proximal lagoonal wedge. In the mid-lagoonal plain, mixed terrigenous–carbonate or carbonate mud to sandy mud dominates, while carbonate gravel to reefal carbonate prevails in the distal lagoon.

For the last 9 ka, sedimentation in the lagoon of Mayotte has been spatially divided into a proximal terrigenous and a distal, carbonate-dominated province. Maximum carbonate concentrations between 4 and 1 ka BP coincide with the time of maximum solar insolation. After 1 ka BP, a general decrease in carbonate concentrations can be observed. This coincides with increased terrigenous sediment input, which results from a reduction in accommodation space and to some extent is of anthropogenic origin.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Holocene; Lagoonal sedimentation; Systems tracts; Accommodation space; Indian Ocean
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB1 Ocean Circulation and Climate Dynamics > FB1-P-OZ Paleo-Oceanography
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1016/S0037-0738(02)00336-6
ISSN: 0037-0738
Date Deposited: 18 Feb 2008 17:26
Last Modified: 19 Jul 2018 12:53

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