Role of Eddies in the Carbon Pump of Eastern Boundary Upwelling Systems, REEBUS, Cruise No. M156, 03.07. – 01.08.2019 Mindelo (Cap Verde) – Mindelo .

Sommer, Stefan, Adam, Nicole, Becker, Kevin, Dale, Andrew W. , Hahn, Johannes , Kampmeier, Mareike, Paulsen, Melf, Katzenmeier, Sven and Körtzinger, Arne (2020) Role of Eddies in the Carbon Pump of Eastern Boundary Upwelling Systems, REEBUS, Cruise No. M156, 03.07. – 01.08.2019 Mindelo (Cap Verde) – Mindelo . Open Access . Meteor Berichte, M156 . Gutachterpanel Forschungsschiffe, Bonn, 53 pp. DOI 10.2312/cr_m156.

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Abstract

Summary
The major goal of the RV METEOR cruise M156 to Cape Verdian waters and the Mauritanian upwelling area off West Africa was to contribute to a better quantitative understanding of the effects of mesoscale eddies on CO2 source/sink mechanisms and the biological carbon pump in eastern boundary upwelling areas as well as their effects to the oligotrophic periphery including the deep-sea floor. The cruise M156 (MOSES Eddy Study I) was conducted within the framework of the BMBF funded REEBUS project (Role of Eddies in the Carbon Pump of Eastern Boundary Upwelling Systems) by a consortium of physical, biological (benthic microbiology, bacterial plankton, protists) and biogeochemical oceanographers. Specific aims were i. the quantification of solute and particle fluxes within and at the periphery of eddies; ii. to determine the turnover of carbon species, air-sea gas exchange of CO2, iii. the determination of the protistan and bacterial plankton community structures in the surface layers of an eddy, and iv. to quantify the magnitude and variability of material fluxes to the seabed and turnover in the sediment underneath the eddy passage. To achieve these aims, the cruise had two major observing strategies: i. an intense benthic/pelagic program along the zonal eddy passage at 18°N. Along this corridor ranging from 24°20’ to 16°30’W, five benthic/pelagic stations (E1 to E5) in different water depths and distances from the Mauritanian coast were performed. The motivation for this survey has been to resolve zonal gradients in pelagic element cycling as well as of organic matter degradation and burial in the seabed, which in turn could potentially be linked with changes in eddy induced primary- and export production. ii. the detailed investigation of an individual eddy to investigate physical, biogeochemical and biological processes on meso- to submeso-scales (100km to 10m). Satellite data analysis was performed before and during the cruise to identify a suitable eddy from a combination of sea-level anomaly, ocean color as Chl-a proxy, and sea-surface temperature supplemented with shipboard current velocity measurements. A total of 171 stations were sampled. The water column program consists of 59 CTD casts, 29 MSS and 20 Marine Snow Catcher deployments. For biogeochemical measurements at the sea surface two deployments of a Lagrangian Surface Drifter and one Waveglider deployment were conducted. At the seafloor, we conducted 10 BIGO deployments. Ten seafloor imaging surveys were performed using the towed camera system OFOS, supplemented with 7 Multibeam and 1 Sidescan surveys. In deviation from the cruise proposal, the planned long-term deployment of a Lander, which was planned to record a time series of oxygen fluxes during the passage of an eddy, was not deployed due to a major delay in its design and manufacturing. The planned AUV (Girona 500) deployments at the shallow E5 station close to the Mauritanian coast station did also not take place. Despite moderate weather conditions, all deployments were successful, hence all the data and sample material aimed for has been achieved. It is to expect that as planned all scientific questions can be addressed. Especially in the synthesis of all REEBUS cruises and the consideration of data from earlier cruises (MSM17/4, M107) into this region a high scientific potential can be expected.

Document Type: Report (Cruise Report)
Keywords: RV Meteor, M156, Cruise report, REEBUS,Cape Verdian, Mauritanian upwelling area, mesoscale eddies, CO2 source/sink mechanisms, biological carbon pump
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB2 Marine Biogeochemistry > FB2-CH Chemical Oceanography
OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB2 Marine Biogeochemistry > FB2-MG Marine Geosystems
OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB1 Ocean Circulation and Climate Dynamics > FB1-PO Physical Oceanography
OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB2 Marine Biogeochemistry > FB2-BI Biological Oceanography
DOI etc.: 10.2312/cr_m156
Projects: REEBUS, MOSES
Expeditions/Models/Experiments:
Date Deposited: 22 Apr 2020 07:31
Last Modified: 22 Apr 2020 09:23
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/49518

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