Do monospecific stands of three Fucus species (Phaeophyta) comply with the ‘self-thinning rule’?.

Karez, Rolf (2003) Do monospecific stands of three Fucus species (Phaeophyta) comply with the ‘self-thinning rule’?. European Journal of Phycology, 38 . pp. 171-180. DOI 10.1080/0967026031000085841.

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Abstract

Development of biomass and density in experimental monospecific stands of Fucus serratus, F. vesiculosus and F. spiralis was followed on Helgoland (southern North Sea) in plots with three different initial germling densities. As biomass increased over time, considerable mortality occurred. Mortality was significantly higher in stands with higher initial densities, leading to similar final densities. The self-thinning law, which describes boundary conditions for combinations of biomass and density of plants, was refuted in two ways for all three Fucus species: (i) several data points on a bi-logarithmic plane lay considerably above self-thinning lines with conventional parameters from terrestrial plant ecology; however, ‘overall boundaries’ (i.e. a self-thinning line that constrains all lines found) from terrestrial plant ecology were not significantly transgressed, (ii) lines fitted with principal components analysis (PCA) revealed a positive correlation between stand biomass and density. Reasons are proposed why seaweeds generally seem to show higher maximum biomass for a given density than terrestrial plants. Size distributions at the end of the experiment were positively skewed with high Gini coefficients that lay in the range found in other seaweed studies. Inequality decreased with individual mass and increased with density. Gini coefficients were highly correlated with other measurements of inequality (coefficient of variation, skewness).

Document Type: Article
Keywords: dominance and suppression, Fucus, Gini coefficient, inequality, intraspecific competition, seaweeds, self-thinning, size hierarchies
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB3 Marine Ecology
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1080/0967026031000085841
ISSN: 0967-0262
Date Deposited: 18 Feb 2008 17:26
Last Modified: 12 Sep 2017 10:44
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/4999

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