Induction of specific proteins in eukaryotic algae grown under iron, phosphorus and nitrogen deficient conditions.

LaRoche, Julie, Geider, R.J., Graziano, L.M., Murray, H. and Lewis, K. (1993) Induction of specific proteins in eukaryotic algae grown under iron, phosphorus and nitrogen deficient conditions. Journal of Phycology, 29 . pp. 767-777. DOI 10.1111/j.0022-3646.1993.00767.x.

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Supplementary data:

Abstract

What limits phytoplankton growth in nature? The answer is elusive because of methodological problems associated with bottle incubations and nutrient addition experiments. We are investigating the possibility that antibodies to proteins repressed by a specific nutrient can be used as probes to indicate which nutrient limits photosynthetic carbon fixation in the ocean. The diatom Phaeodactylum tricornutum Bohlin and the chlorophyte Dunaliella tertiolecta Butcher were grown in batch cultures in artificial seawater and f/2 nutrient lacking either phosphorus, iron, or nitrogen. Chlorosis was induced by nutrient limitation in both species with the exception of phosphorus‐limited D. tertiolecta. The synthesis and appearance of specific proteins were followed by labeling with 14C‐bicarbonate. Nutrient limitation in general leads to a decrease in the quantum efficiency of photosystem II, suggesting that deficiency of any nutrient affects the photosynthetic apparatus to some degree: however, the effect of nitrogen and iron limitation on quantum efficiency is more severe than that of phosphorus. A crude fractionation of the soluble and membrane proteins demonstrated that the large proteins induced under limitation by phosphorus and iron were associated with the membranes. However, small iron‐repressible proteins were located in the soluble fraction. Isolation with anion‐exchange chromatography and N‐terminal sequencing of iron‐repressible, 23‐kDa Proteins from D. tertiolecta, P. tricornutum, and Chaetoceros gracilis revealed that these small soluble proteins have strong homology with the N‐terminal sequence of flavodoxins from Azotobacter and Clostridium. The identity of the flavodoxin from D. tertiolecta was confirmed by immunodetection using antiflavodoxin raised against Chlorella. Flavodoxin was detected only under iron deprivation and was absent from nitrogen‐and phosphorus‐limited algae. Flavodoxin is a prime candidate for a molecular probe of iron limitation in the ocean. The requirements to confirm its utility in nature are discussed.

Document Type: Article
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1111/j.0022-3646.1993.00767.x
ISSN: 0022-3646
Date Deposited: 18 Feb 2008 17:27
Last Modified: 26 Apr 2018 10:21
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/5195

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