Thallium isotope variations in seawater and hydrogenetic, diagenetic, and hydrothermal ferromanganese deposits.

Rehkämper, M., Frank, Martin , Hein, J. R., Porcelli, D., Halliday, A. N., Ingri, J. and Liebetrau, Volker (2002) Thallium isotope variations in seawater and hydrogenetic, diagenetic, and hydrothermal ferromanganese deposits. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 197 . pp. 65-81. DOI 10.1016/S0012-821X(02)00462-4.

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Abstract

Results are presented for the first in-depth investigation of Tl isotope variations in marine materials. The Tl isotopic measurements were conducted by multiple collector-inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry for a comprehensive suite of hydrogenetic ferromanganese crusts, diagenetic Fe–Mn nodules, hydrothermal manganese deposits and seawater samples. The natural variability of Tl isotope compositions in these samples exceeds the analytical reproducibility (±0.05‰) by more than a factor of 40. Hydrogenetic Fe–Mn crusts have ϵ205Tl of +10 to +14, whereas seawater is characterized by values as low as −8 (ϵ205Tl represents the deviation of the 205Tl/203Tl ratio of a sample from the NIST SRM 997 Tl isotope standard in parts per 104). This ∼2‰ difference in isotope composition is thought to result from the isotope fractionation that accompanies the adsorption of Tl onto ferromanganese particles. An equilibrium fractionation factor of α∼1.0021 is calculated for this process. Ferromanganese nodules and hydrothermal manganese deposits have variable Tl isotope compositions that range between the values obtained for seawater and hydrogenetic Fe–Mn crusts. The variability in ϵ205Tl in diagenetic nodules appears to be caused by the adsorption of Tl from pore fluids, which act as a closed-system reservoir with a Tl isotope composition that is inferred to be similar to seawater. Nodules with ϵ205Tl values similar to seawater are found if the scavenging of Tl is nearly quantitative. Hydrothermal manganese deposits display a positive correlation between ϵ205Tl and Mn/Fe. This trend is thought to be due to the derivation of Tl from distinct hydrothermal sources. Deposits with low Mn/Fe ratios and low ϵ205Tl are produced by the adsorption of Tl from fluids that are sampled close to hydrothermal sources. Such fluids have low Mn/Fe ratios and relatively high temperatures, such that only minor isotope fractionation occurs during adsorption. Hydrothermal manganese deposits with high Mn/Fe and high ϵ205Tl are generated by scavenging of Tl from colder, more distal hydrothermal fluids. Under such conditions, adsorption is associated with significant isotope fractionation, and this produces deposits with higher ϵ205Tl values coupled with high Mn/Fe.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: stable isotopes; isotope fractionation; thallium; ferromanganese composition; sea water
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB2 Marine Biogeochemistry > FB2-MG Marine Geosystems
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1016/S0012-821X(02)00462-4
ISSN: 0012-821X
Date Deposited: 18 Feb 2008 17:25
Last Modified: 09 Jan 2018 13:34
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/5212

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